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17 Nov
20 Oct
Brief of the Appellants Net Metering
Friday, October 20, 2017
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Maine    
Author : Conservation Law Foundation
Adoption Year : 2017
The imposition of transmission and distribution charges on net energy billing (NEB) customers for energy generated and consumed behind the meter results in teh unlawful exit fees and constitutes unjust discrimination, is an illegal exit fee, is unlawful, unjust discrimination, exceeds the commission's authority, is unsupported by the record, contains procedural errors, failed to issue an economic impact statement, and did not provide adequate notice and opportunity to comment regarding the structural change.
05 Oct
Net Metering Debates Rev UP, But Regulators are Skeptical of Utility Proposals
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @Federal    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2017
Looking at the trends in the national net metering debate.
05 Oct
2017 Guide to Virginia Wind and Solar Policy
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Virginia    
Author : Ivy Main
Adoption Year : 2017
An overview of Virginia's Wind and Solar Policy.
05 Oct
Power to the People: What's Really Happening With Net Metering
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Opposition Item    
State : Massachusetts    
Author : Fredrick Hewett
Adoption Year : 2017
Utilities in Massachusetts are pushing the narrative that customers with solar panels who zero out their electric bills via net metering are putting the cost of maintaing the grid to those without solar. This false narrative is the utility attempt to hold on to energy policies from the past. The continuing growth of solar energy and other renewables will inevitably phase out fossil fuels and force society to find answers to the business, economic and technological questions about our clean energy future.
05 Oct
Solar Jobs, Coal Jobs, and the Value of Jobs in General
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @Federal    
Author : Peter O'Connor
Adoption Year : 2017
Solar jobs have higher labor requirements than coal jobs and some would argue that this is a bad thing. However, when multiple inputs to production are weighed between the solar and coal industries, it is clear that solar gives more people jobs, uses less input in the process, is better for the environment, and comes out on top of the coal industry.
05 Oct
Order 27232: Oregon PUC Approves Community Solar Rules
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Technology    
State : Oregon    
Author : Lisa D. Hardie, Stephen M. Bloom, Megan W. Decker
Adoption Year : 2017
The Public Utility Commission of Oregon (PUC) has approved community solar rules that will help to enable all citizens in the state to directly participate in, and benefit from, local solar projects.
05 Oct
Public Utility Commission of Oregon (PUC) Approves Community Solar Rules
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Oregon    
Author : Renewable Energy Magazine
Adoption Year : 2017
The Public Utility Commission of Oregon (PUC) has approved community solar rules that will help to enable all citizens in the state to directly participate in, and benefit from, local solar projects.
05 Oct
APS officially moves to Value of Solar
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Arizona    
Author : Christian Roselund
Adoption Year : 2017
Arizona regulators have put into place the deal cut between Arizona's solar industry and Arizona's Public Service , as part of the utility rate case
05 Oct
Global Solar Capacity Set to Surpass Nuclear for the First Time
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @Federal    
Author : Stephen Lacey
Adoption Year : 2017
By then end of 2017, solar PV capacity will rival nuclear. By 2022, it could more than double nuclear capacity.
05 Oct
In Solar Scuffle, Big Utilities Meet Their Match
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Nevada    
Author : Elizabeth Shogren
Adoption Year : 2017
Solar Advocates win in Nevada
29 Sep
NPCC: Northeast Has Sufficient Power Supplies to Meet Demand This Summer
Friday, September 29, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Connecticut    Massachusetts    New Hampshire    New York    Rhode Island    Vermont    
Author : Peter Maloney
Adoption Year : 2017
Though the northeastern region lost 350 MW of capacity from the summer of 2016 to the summer of 2017, the region added 2,242 MW of new capacity, with more than half being from renewable resources. Giving the value of solar more backing.
29 Sep
Value of Utility Scale vs Rooftop Solar Debated Amid Price Decline
Friday, September 29, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @Federal    
Author : Kevin Randolph
Adoption Year : 2017
At the 2017 National Association of Regulatory Utility Commission winter committee meeting, two panelists discussed the benefits and challenges of utility and rooftop solar. The panelists agreed on that there are benefits with both rooftop solar and utility scale solar, but differed on the role regulations, subsidies, and net metering should play, as well as the societal value of each.
29 Sep
Why APS Can't Keep Subsidizing Solar
Friday, September 29, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Arizona    
Author : Barbra Lockwood
Adoption Year : 2016
A net metering subsidy was useful to get the solar market in Arizona off the ground, but now it is causing non-solar customers to pay more than they should for electricity. It is time for Arizona to adopt new regulation that values solar in an equitable manner for all customers.
21 Sep
Solar Energy in Michigan: The Economic Impact of Distributed Generation on Non-solar Customers
Thursday, September 21, 2017
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Michigan    
Author : Stanley "Skip" Pruss, Dr. Laura Sherman
Adoption Year : 2017
On April 20, 2017, Michigan’s new Clean and Renewable Energy and Energy Waste Reduction Act and revisions to Michigan’s general public utilities act (Public Acts 341 and 342 of 2016) took effect. Among other things, the new laws require the Michigan Public Service Commission (“MPSC” or “Commission”) to “conduct a study on an appropriate tariff reflecting the equitable cost of service for utility revenue requirements for customers who participate in a net metering program or distributed generation program” within one year. This new statutory
14 Sep
Virtual Net Metering Program Expansion (H-5618aa)
Thursday, September 14, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Rhode Island    
Author : Regunberg, Knight, Handy, Carson, Rugiero
Adoption Year : 2017
Expands virtual net metering (a program which allows customers to install solar systems offsite) to private/public schools, non-profits, federal government and hospitals
14 Sep
Renewable Energy/Farm Land Taxation (S-0570)
Thursday, September 14, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Tax Issues    
State : Rhode Island    
Author : Sosnowski, P. Fogarty, Conley, and Archambault
Adoption Year : 2017
Allows farmers to install a renewable energy system on up to 20 percent of their total farm land acreage, thereby allowing farmers to support the state's clean energy goals while preserving our limited agricultural space.
14 Sep
Renewable Energy Interconnection Standards (S-0637A)
Thursday, September 14, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Technology    
State : Rhode Island    
Author : DiPalma, Seveney, Miller, Satchell, and Kettle
Adoption Year : 2017
Streamlines the process of connecting renewable energy installations to the grid.
14 Sep
Statewide Solar Permitting (S-0562)
Thursday, September 14, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Technology    
State : Rhode Island    
Author : Lynch, Prata, Miller, Gallo
Adoption Year : 2017
Establishes a statewide solar permitting application to streamline the process for homeowners, businesses, property owners and solar developers who are looking to install solar systems in Rhode Island.
14 Sep
Renewable Energy Growth Program (H-5273, S-112)
Thursday, September 14, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Rhode Island    
Author : Ruggiero, Regunberg, Marshall, Blazejewski, and Tanzi
Adoption Year : 2017
A 10-year extension of the renewable energy growth program, which enables customers to sell the electricity they generate back to the grid under long-term fixed prices.
05 Sep
NCCETC: Net metering slowly shifting to value of solar
Tuesday, September 5, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @Federal    
Author : Christian Roselund
Adoption Year : 2017
This quarter's (Q2) report on policies and rate design that affect distributed solar showed many of the same themes as previous reports (utility attempts to slow DER), but also a glacial shift in approach.
05 Sep
Austin Energy proposes Value of Solar for commercial properties
Tuesday, September 5, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Texas    
Author : Sommer Brugal
Adoption Year : 2017
Austin Energy proposes a plan to benefit commercial customers with installed rooftop solar by compensating customers for excess generation and by providing a Value of Solar rate.
05 Sep
As Kansas utility pursues surcharge on solar customers, advocates want more data
Tuesday, September 5, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Kansas    
Author : Karen Uhlenhuth
Adoption Year : 2017
Utility and customer advocates battle over a demand fee on distributed energy customers where the utilities are looking for a quick settlement and customer advocates urge for more data prior to any settlement.
28 Aug
PA's Solar Future Webinar: Alternative Rate Making
Monday, August 28, 2017
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Policy Positions    
State : Pennsylvania    
Author : Eric D Miller, Alan Cohn, Karl Rabago
Adoption Year : 2017
Presentation material for the Alternative Rate Design presentation hosted by the Keystone Energy Efficiency Alliance, who is dedicated to promoting the energy efficiency and renewable energy industries in Pennsylvania. The first presentation includes discussion of the changing utility industry. The second presentation reviews the history of rate making and various approaches for the future that reflect the need for regulatory and legislative changes to support expanded Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and Energy Efficiency (EE). The third
19 Jul
New Hampshire Clean Energy Jobs Act of 2017 becomes Law
Wednesday, July 19, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : New Hampshire    
Author : State of New Hampshire Public Utilities Comission
Adoption Year : 2017
SB129, also known as the Clean Energy Jobs Act of 2017, became law on July 11th, 2017!  Governor Sununu allowed the bill to become law without his signature. This new law removes the 10kW limit on residential solar rebate program, has the potential to create over 2,000 jobs and further develop a long-term local and renewable energy supply at a predicable price. It also makes more Renewable Energy Fund (REF) available to low-income customers and ensures access and benefits to renewable energy.
26 Jun
Development of New Alternative Net Metering Tariffs and/or Other Regulatory Mechanisms and Tariffs for Customer Generators
Monday, June 26, 2017
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : New Hampshire    
Author : State of New Hampshire Public Utilities Comission
Adoption Year : 2017
Key Components of the Order: 1. The new NEM rate begins on September 1, 2017. May be later if utilities can't update their billing systems in time to reflect the new NEM regime. Customers must be given 30 days notice in advance of the new rate start date. 2. Grandfathering - all existing NEM systems are still grandfathered through 2040. NEW systems (under new rate) also grandfathered through 2040. 3. Small systems =100 kW are still credited monthly at 100% of retail energy and transmission charges but only 25% of distribution charge;
20 Apr
California’s Energy Future: The Revolution (Might) Be Distributed
Thursday, April 20, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : California    
Author : Eric Wesoff
Adoption Year : 2017
By almost any metric, California leads the U.S. (and perhaps the world) in the amount of distributed energy resources deployed -- and in the development of a regulatory framework to integrate those resources into the grid.
20 Apr
NV Energy proposes residential green rider program as rooftop solar alternative
Thursday, April 20, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Nevada    
Author : Krysti Shallenberger
Adoption Year : 2017
As rooftop solar increases in popularity across the nation, utilities are exploring ways to access the market so far dominated by third party installers like SolarCity and Sunrun. Typically, they look to meet that need through community solar programs or utility-owned rooftop solar pilots, as have been approved in Arizona. NV Energy appears to be expanding on the trend with its solar-pricing rider. Typically aimed at larger commercial and industrial customers, renewable energy riders apply a charge for procured wind and solar energy to customer
20 Apr
The art of the compromise: Inside the APS solar rate design settlement
Thursday, April 20, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Arizona    
Author : Krysti Shallenberger
Adoption Year : 2017
Until last week, Arizona was the last place where you would expect a compromise over rooftop solar policy. The state’s major utilities and solar companies have battled over compensation rates for rooftop solar (a policy known as retail net metering) for the past five years. And though those debates are common across the U.S., Arizona attracted national attention for bitter regulatory election cycles and accusations of dark money and corruption.
20 Apr
Study proves (again) that net metering can undervalue solar
Thursday, April 20, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Frank Andorka
Adoption Year : 2017
At the behest of the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission, Minnesota Power submitted a Value of Solar Tariff plan – and proved (yet again) that as even the best net-metering plan can undervalue what solar means to the grid and ratepayers.
21 Mar
Retail Rate Impacts of Distributed Solar-Focus on New England
Tuesday, March 21, 2017
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    Connecticut    Maine    Massachusetts    New Hampshire    New Jersey    New York    Rhode Island    Vermont    
Author : Nicholas Martin and Karl Rabago
Adoption Year : 2017
The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) recently issued a study entitled “Putting the Potential Rate Impacts of Distributed Solar into Context,” authored by Galen Barbose. The LBNL study estimates the potential rate impact of distributed solar on national average retail electricity prices, and importantly, compares that impact to the potential impact of other rate drivers such as natural gas prices, renewable portfolio standards, and utility capital expenditures.1 This brief applies a similar style analysis as used by LBNL to regional
02 Mar
Austin Energy - Residential Value of Solar (VoS) Rate
Thursday, March 2, 2017
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Texas    
Author : Austin Energy
Adoption Year : 2017
Any residential customer with an on-site solar photovoltaic (PV) system (owned or leased) associated with the residential account and interconnected to the Austin Energy electric distribution system will be billed under the Residential Value of Solar Rate (pdf). These customers receive a "Value of Solar" (VoS) credit on their bill each month for every kilowatt-hour of solar energy produced by their system.
02 Mar
NJ must heat up solar industry
Thursday, March 2, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : New Jersey    
Author : mycentralnewjersey.com
Adoption Year : 2017
We do know something’s not working quite right in New Jersey. According to the latest annual survey from the nonprofit Solar Foundation, New Jersey lost about a thousand solar industry jobs last year, a 14 percent drop that contrasts with 25 percent growth in solar jobs across the nation. New Jersey, once one of the shining lights of solar energy, was one of just four states to shed solar jobs during that period.
02 Mar
Not a bright idea: Changes to Indiana’s solar policy foolish, misguided
Thursday, March 2, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Indiana    
Author : Sanya Carley and David Konisky
Adoption Year : 2017
Indiana Senate Bill 309, introduced by Sen. Brandt Herschman, proposes to fundamentally change Indiana’s solar energy policy. The proposed modifications to the state’s net energy metering program are based on a lack of evidence and faulty logic, and would severely undermine the future of solar power in the state. Indiana legislators should oppose this bill. A net energy metering program allows a household to install its own solar — or other energy system — and connect this system to the electric grid. In times of excess solar generation, the ho
02 Mar
Value of utility scale vs. rooftop solar debated amid price decline
Thursday, March 2, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Tax Issues    Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Kevin Randolph
Adoption Year : 2017
Over the last decade, the price of solar installations has declined significantly, but the electric utilities industry continues to debate the value and cost effectiveness of utility scale versus rooftop solar. During a panel discussion at the 2017 National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners winter committee meeting on Monday, two experts highlighted the different benefits and challenges associated with utility and rooftop solar. The need to accurately determine solar prices, the role of subsidies, net metering regulations and the
02 Mar
Victoria solar FiT: A turning point in recognising value of solar
Thursday, March 2, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @International    
Author : Jack Gilding
Adoption Year : 2017
The new Victorian feed-in tariff announced today marks an important turning point in the struggle for recognition of the real value of distributed renewable energy. The new rate of 11.3c/kWh more than doubles the existing Victorian rate of 5c. As well as now being the highest regulated state FiT in Australia, the methodology behind the decision sets some important precedents that will have national implications.
28 Feb
COMMERCIAL VALUE OF SOLAR
Tuesday, February 28, 2017
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : GDS Associates ( for Austin Energy)
Adoption Year : 2017
The document is the result of the study conducted by GDS Associates, Inc. (“GDS”) for Austin Energy furnishing third-party analysis and recommendations related to a commercial VOS tariff methodology and the commercial solar incentive program. The project conducted by GDS is comprised of the four tasks identified below: Task A: Review the current Residential VOS methodology and recommend modifications for a Commercial rate. Task B: Recommend a rate structure to incent the preferred orientation, and/or use of storage and smart inverters to shif
23 Feb
Reframing LCOE: New Interactive Tool Expands the Scope of Generation Cost Comparisons
Thursday, February 23, 2017
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Technology    
State : @National    Texas    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2017
This blog post discusses the recently developed tool for a more granular analysis of the cost (including externalities) of generating electricity from different sources. This development is the result of the research conducted by the University of Texas (UT) at Austin on the issue.
23 Feb
Research spotlight: Solar Cost Shift Negligible, DER Valuation Efforts Advancing Slowly
Thursday, February 23, 2017
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @Federal    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2017
The blog post reviews recent developments surrounding the growth and valuation of distributed generation, including its impacts to the grid.
11 Jan
5 Emerging Trends That Drove the Utility Industry in 2016
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @National    
Author : Katherine Tweed
Adoption Year : 2016
The power sector is similar to geology in the sense that change must often be measured over long periods of time in order to see significant patterns. Increasingly, however, the timescale of change in the power sector is accelerating. As we look back at 2016, we see an industry grappling with seismic upheaval, and trying to adapt faster than it ever has before.
11 Jan
Rocky Mountain Power solar tax proposals are counter productive
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Utah    
Author : H. Macdaniel Ball
Adoption Year : 2016
Rocky Mountain Power contends that rooftop solar owners are currently costing other rate payers and is applying for additional charges for new solar customers; charges that would allow the utility to make a profit on investments made by solar owners.
11 Jan
Net Metering is not a subsidy
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Massachusetts    
Author : Emily Rochon
Adoption Year : 2015
Contrary to Utility Assertions, net metering is not a subsidy. It’s mechanism that allows solar owners to receive credit, similar to rollover minutes on a cell phone plan, for power they feed into the grid.
11 Jan
In solar proceedings, let the sun shine in
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Anne Hoskins
Adoption Year : 2016
Consumers across the political spectrum go solar as a matter of choice, and if this election tells us anything, Americans want to feel they hold their destiny in their own hands. In fact, the only ballot initiative in the country that presented voters with a clear choice on solar was in Florida, and voters soundly rejected the anti-solar initiative. Commissioners gathering at the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) Annual Meeting in La Quinta, California this weekend should set the right policy terms so that progres
11 Jan
No matter the president, solar outlook increasingly bright
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Jesse Grossman, The Hill
Adoption Year : 2016
Donald Trump’s election has generated significant and legitimate concerns over the future of federal clean energy policy, with campaign promises disavowing global warming and promoting traditional energy sources such as coal and fracking. With this in mind, observers may worry about America’s solar industry outlook. But the incoming administration portends very little change in the U.S. solar market’s velocity for at least several years and it may mark solar’s coming-of-age moment as a market-driven force independent of federal policy.
11 Jan
Maine Distributed Solar Valuation Study
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : Benjamin L. Norris and Philip Gruenhagen, Clean Power Research, LLC; Robert C. Grace and Po-Yu Yuen, Sustainable Energy Advantage, LLC; Dr. Richard Perez; Karl R. Rábago (Rabago), Pace Energy and Climate Center
Adoption Year : 2015
This report calculated a 25-year Levelized Distributed PV Value for the Central Maine Power service territory. The total value of solar found in this report is 33.7 cents per kWh.
11 Jan
VOS Calculation Compliance, Xcel Energy submission to Minnesota PUC at Docket No. E002/M-13-867
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Xcel Energy
Adoption Year : 2015
This value of solar estimate was calculated by Xcel Energy using a methodology created by Clean Power Research for Minnesota’s Department of Commerce. The study calculated the value of solar as 13.6 cents per kWh in Xcel territory.
11 Jan
Counter to utility claims, studies show solar users provide net benefits
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Environment America Research & Policy Center
Adoption Year : 2016
Solar panels provide pollution free energy that delivers far reaching benefits to the environment and the electric grid, said a new report released today by Environment America Research & Policy Center. The report outlines how solar panels on homes, schools and businesses often provide more benefits than they receive through programs like net metering, counter to utility claims that solar owners don’t pay their fair share.
20 Dec
CAISO avoiding fix to massive market distortion that harms local renewables [WEBINAR VIDEO LINK]
Tuesday, December 20, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Katie Ramsey, Clean Coalition; Daryl Michalik, Dynamic Grid Council
Adoption Year : 2016
The webinar featured a presentation providing background on the massive TAC distortion that heaps a 3 cents/kWh disadvantage on local renewables and results in highly unfavorable economic and environmental outcomes. The webinar also summarized how the California independent System Operator (CAISO) has failed to address the TAC issue on a timely basis and provided recommendations for a straightforward fix, at almost no cost, that could be implemented without delay and in a manner that reduces the substantial risks to California that are associat
20 Dec
Transmission Access Charges (TAC): A Massive Market Distortion That Harms Local Renewables and California Ratepayers
Tuesday, December 20, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Katie Ramsey, Clean Coalition; Daryl Michalik, Dynamic Grid Council
Adoption Year : 2016
Transmission Access Charges (TAC) are fees designed to pay for the state’s transmission system, including operations and maintenance, amortization of capital, and return-on-equity. TAC add about $0.03 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) to the levelized cost of energy over a 20-year contract, which is about 30% of the wholesale value of energy in California. To align costs and benefits, TAC should only apply to energy that is delivered through the transmission system. Therefore, TAC should be calculated based on the metered Transmission Energy own flow as
06 Dec
The Next Front in the Net-Metering Battle: Utah
Tuesday, December 6, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : Utah    
Author : Benjamin Storrow, E&E Publishing
Adoption Year : 2016
Utah's sole investor owned utility, Rocky Mountain Power, has proposed a series of fixed charges on rooftop panel owners, in a move that photovoltaic advocates say would effectively crush the Beehive State's nascent solar industry. The fight represents the latest front in the ever expanding national battle over residential solar. Florida voters rejected a proposal this month that would have paved the way for utilities to impose fixed charges on rooftop panel owners. Arizona witnessed a hard fought election this fall, where five candidates compe
22 Nov
Draft Report of the Georgia Public Service Commission-Docket No: 39732
Tuesday, November 22, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Georgia    
Author : Georgia Public Service Commission
Adoption Year : 2015
This is the draft report of the Georgia Public Service Commission in Docket No: 39732-In the Matter of: Notice of Inquiry and Workshop to Examine Issues Related to the Value of Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources in Preparation for the 2016 Georgia Power Company Integrated Resource Plan (IRP).
22 Nov
Benefit Cost Components by Resource Type
Tuesday, November 22, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Georgia    
Author : Georgia Public Service Commission
Adoption Year : 2015
This is a two paged power point presentation illustrating the benefit-cost of different resource types, ex. solar, wind, and biomass.
17 Nov
Is Bigger Best in Renewable Energy
Thursday, November 17, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Technology    
State : @National    
Author : John Farrell, Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Adoption Year : 2016
Conventional wisdom suggests the biggest wind and solar power plants will be cheapest, but where they deliver power, and who will own them, matters more.
11 Nov
Op-ed: Rooftop solar’s worth? Don’t forget the value of saving the Earth
Friday, November 11, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Utah    
Author : Michael Shae, The Salt Lake Tribune
Adoption Year : 2016
In meeting rooms, council chambers, and at the Utah State Legislature, the question is being asked; What is the "value" of rooftop solar? When rooftop solar systems generate more power than a home is using, the electricity goes back into the grid and the utility buys it. This process is called net-metering. The value of that electricity is now the topic of important energy pricing debates. The higher dollar value of solar energy, the more affordable rooftop solar systems are to Utah families.
11 Nov
Findings Support New Rate for Future Rooftop Solar Customers in Utah
Friday, November 11, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Utah    
Author : Rocky Mountain Power
Adoption Year : 2016
In November 2015, the Utah Public Service Commission asked Rocky Mountain Power to study the costs and benefits of net metering in Utah, and based on that, to propose updated net metering rates. After analyzing a wide range of energy consumption and customer use data over the last year, the study made two important findings: 1. While rooftop solar customers take less energy from the power grid than other customers, the cost of serving solar customers is nearly the same because they still need to use the power grid and rely on Rocky Mountain Pow
21 Oct
Our View: PUC solar proposal wrong policy, process
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Maine    
Author : The Editorial Board, Portland Press Herald
Adoption Year : 2016
Tasked with finding a fair way to expand the state’s solar energy portfolio, representatives of interests that did not agree on much hammered out a compromise plan that would expand capacity while sharing the benefits among all ratepayers. Their ideas were drafted into a bill, and it passed both houses of the Legislature with strong bipartisan support.
21 Oct
Locational Value: A Key To Unlocking Grid Benefits of Ditributed Energy Resources
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Alana Lemarchand
Adoption Year : 2016
Nexant’s work with the Smart Electric Power Alliance (SEPA) on our recent paper, “Addressing the Locational Valuation Challenge for Distributed Energy Resources,” was rooted in what both organizations saw as a key obstacle to utility integration of these distributed technologies on the grid. Distributed energy resources (DERs) are at the center of a range of policy conversations across the country, propelled by the growing potential of these distributed technologies – such as solar, storage and demand response -- to shape energy and grid inv
21 Oct
Location Matters: California Regulators Investigate More Granular Solar Benefits
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : California    
Author : Joseph Bebon
Adoption Year : 2016
In a transmission plan approved in March, the California Independent System Operator cancelled 13 subtransmission projects that previously had been approved in Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) territory. PG&E supported the project cancellations, which will save customers $192 million. The utility pointed out that rooftop solar and energy efficiency have reduced their load forecast and stated, “The need for those is just not there anymore.”
21 Oct
Local View: Far from a drain, solar power a huge asset to society
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Dr. Eric Enberg
Adoption Year : 2016
As the country increasingly transitions to a renewable energy future, many utilities are ferociously resisting solar energy, often claiming homeowners who have solar arrays are pushing the costs of maintaining the grid onto other customers. Some utilities have placed punitively high fixed charges on solar arrays to diminish their economic viability — including here in Minnesota.
21 Oct
Is Bigger Best in Renewable Energy?
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : John Farrell
Adoption Year : 2016
Despite the evidence about limits to scale economies, the conventional wisdom that bigger is better has persisted into the renewable energy power industry. It’s particularly ironic, since the costly ever-bigger power plants of the 1970s led Congress to pass the 1978 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA), the federal law that opened the door to renewable energy alternatives to conventional power plants. This lesson seems lost on many observers of the renewable energy industry.
21 Oct
Is The Tide Turning On StateLevel Solar Policy Fights?
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Jesse Grossman
Adoption Year : 2016
Utilities continue filing requests to increase fixed charges, but reports show regulators have denied the majority of these requests. Compromise solar valuation regulatory decisions occurred in Arizona, Colorado and Nevada. Meanwhile, policymakers in New York, Oregon, and Rhode Island have taken progressive solar action, and voters overwhelmingly supported expanding solar access in Florida.
21 Oct
In Texas, MP2 Energy Sees the ‘Shape’ of Rooftop Solar as Value to Substitute for Net Metering
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Texas    
Author : Jeff St. John
Adoption Year : 2016
When SolarCity announced last year that it was moving into Texas, solar industry watchers scratched their heads. How, they asked, could a rooftop solar installer put together a moneymaking proposition for itself and its customers in a state without net metering? The answer lies with its partner, MP2 Energy.
21 Oct
Court upholds Obama's social cost of carbon accounting for federal regulations
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Robert Walton, Utility Dive
Adoption Year : 2016
The Obama Administration has won a significant victory for its use of a social cost metric to determine the impacts of new environmental and efficiency rules, in a unanimous circuit court decision that appeared to leave opponents with little room to maneuver. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other federal agencies use the social cost of carbon (SCCO2) to estimate the climate benefits of rulemakings. The cost currently sits at $36 per metric ton. While opponents of the rule had questioned its use and the process to develop sta
21 Oct
Arizona needs a full analysis of rooftop solar benefits
Friday, October 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : Arizona    
Author : Joe Wellinghoff
Adoption Year : 2016
There is a simple way for the state’s regulators at the Arizona Corporation Commission to end this back and forth: undertake a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis, conducted by an impartial third party group, that will finally look at the full range of benefits that rooftop solar provides to all Arizonans.
19 Oct
Victoria’s Transitional Solar Feed-In Tariff Payments End Soon
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Texas    
Author : The SUN
Adoption Year : 2016
A short news article which announces that Victoria residents participating in Texas's Transitional Feed-in Tariff (TFIT) scheme will soon be getting less for their solar power sold to the grid as the 25c per kilowatt hour rate will end on December 31.
19 Oct
The Imperial Irrigation District Has a New Rooftop Solar Plan, and Solar Installers Say It's Terrible
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @Federal    @National    
Author : Sammy Roth
Adoption Year : 2016
This article involves the switch from Net Metering (NEM) to value of solar.
19 Oct
Taking Renewable Energy Beyond Net Metering
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @Federal    @National    
Author : Jonathan H Harsch © Copyright AgriPulse Communications, Inc.
Adoption Year : 2016
The rapid growth of rooftop solar and expected carbon emissions limits are forcing electric utilities and regulatory agencies to write new rules to make it possible for both utilities and renewable energy to continue to grow. That's a challenge because current regulations make utility company profits dependent on their capital investment in power plants, transmission lines and overall grid infrastructure.
19 Oct
Study Shows Solar Saves Money for All Ratepayers in Maine by Reducing Peak Demand
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Maine    
Author : Natural Resources Council of Maine
Adoption Year : 2016
An updated analysis of the “value of solar” power in Maine shows that solar installations within the state cut electricity prices for everyone in Maine who pays an electric bill, by reducing peak demand on the grid and power plants. Consumer demand for electricity peaks on hot, sunny summer afternoons, when use of air conditioning goes way up. This is when solar panels are producing power directly for homes and businesses, thereby reducing the demand for electricity from the grid.
19 Oct
Studied To Death — Solar Customers Don't Harm NonSolar Ratepayers
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @Federal    @International    @National    
Author : Tony Clifford
Adoption Year : 2016
An article that discusses the allegation that solar users cause non-solar ratepayers to pay more in rates.
18 Oct
SPI 2016: When Will We Have a “Got Milk” for Solar?
Tuesday, October 18, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Technology    
State : @Federal    @International    @National    
Author : Rosana Francescato
Adoption Year : 2016
This article discusses and suggests that solar generation should be branded, as such, when people hear about solar, they immediately have a complete idea of what it represents and its inherent benefits.
18 Oct
Solar Delivers Cheapest Electricity ‘Ever, Anywhere, By Any Technology: Half the Price of Coal.
Tuesday, October 18, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @International    
Author : Joe Romm
Adoption Year : 2016
This blog article discusses the value of solar energy and the low cost power generation it offers. It cited Chile as an example of a country that recently accepted a bid for the development of Spanish developer Solarpack Corp. Tecnologica for 120 megawatts of solar at the stunning price of $29.10 per megawatt-hour (2.91 cents per kilowatt-hour or kwh).
18 Oct
Solar Benefits — Should Utah Solar Owners be Paid 50 Percent More?
Tuesday, October 18, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Utah    
Author : KSL Local
Adoption Year : 2016
This article discusses Net Metering (NEM) operations in Utah.
18 Oct
So Close, So Far: Can Maine Put Its Near Agreement On Solar Net Metering Back Together Again?
Tuesday, October 18, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Maine    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2016
This news article discusses Maine's Net Metering ("NEM") and its proposed review.
18 Oct
Scale and Scope of Kansas Value-of-Solar Study Yet to be Determined
Tuesday, October 18, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Kansas    
Author : Karen Uhlenhuth
Adoption Year : 2016
This is a news article that announces the intention of the decision of the Kansas Corporation Commission to study not only the costs – but also any possible benefits – that distributed solar generation creates for the local electric utility and its customers.
18 Oct
RIP FITS: As U.S. Feed-in Tariffs Fade, Adopting Elements Could Spur Solar Growth
Tuesday, October 18, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @Federal    @International    @National    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2016
This short article discusses the evolution of Feedin Tariffs and Net Metering. It also suggests how elements of both incentive schemes could help policymakers settle on a more sustainable, long term solar support.
18 Oct
Q&A: Conservatives Debate Clean Energy Approaches in Minnesota
Tuesday, October 18, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Frank Jossi
Adoption Year : 2016
Some conservatives, concerned they’re being left behind in the clean energy discussion, have begun to show a growing interest in renewable energy and public policy at both the state and federal level. State organizations have formed to promote a free market view of energy, and national advocacy groups have become more forceful in the debate, as seen at a forum held last week at the Republican convention.
11 Oct
Recommendation of Assistant Chief Administrative Law Judge, Teena Jibilian to the Arizona Corporation Commission
Tuesday, October 11, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Arizona    
Author : Assistant Chief Administrative Law Judge, Teena Jibilian
Adoption Year : 2016
Recommendation and Order of the Assistant Chief Administrative Law Judge, Teena Jibilian to the Arizona Corporation Commission in the Matter of the Commission's Investigation of Value and Cost of Distributed Generation. The Order also touched on the issue of Net Metering.
07 Oct
Investigation by the Department of Public Utilities on its own motion as to the propriety of the rates and charges proposed by Massachusetts Electric Company and Nantucket Electric Company in their petition for approval of an increase in base distribution rates for electric service
Friday, October 7, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : Massachusetts    
Author : Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities
Adoption Year : 2016
Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU) Order concerning National Grid's petition for an increase in its base distribution rates. Notably, the DPU rejected increases to fixed charges.
07 Oct
Massachusetts regulators curb National Grid's fixed fee hike
Friday, October 7, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : Massachusetts    
Author : Robert Walton
Adoption Year : 2016
DPU's order rejected a proposal to charge community solar, government, and other solar projects a new monthly fee sought by Massachusetts Electric Co. and Nantucket Electric Co., operating jointly under National Grid. Vote Solar argued the utilities' petitions would have fundamentally changed the structure of fixed charges paid by customers each month.
07 Oct
Beyond the Meter: Addressing the Locational Valuation Challenge for Distributed Energy Resources
Friday, October 7, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Smart Electric Power Alliance in partnership with Nexant
Adoption Year : 2016
This report, “Addressing the Locational Valuation Challenge for Distributed Energy Resources,” the second in the Beyond the Meter series, focuses on evaluating distributed energy resources (DERs) as grid assets. Several utility-led projects now underway are testing DERs—or as some call them, “non-wires alternatives”—as an option preferable to investments in traditional assets for capacity expansion, upgrade, or renewal. Many thought leaders and industry experts have mapped the stream of potential benefits and provided the initial foundationa
05 Oct
Work Session Framework: New Energy Industry Task Force Policy Recommendations
Wednesday, October 5, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Nevada    
Author : New Energy Industry Task Force (NEITF), Nevada
Adoption Year : 2016
The publication contains the recommendations of the New Energy Industry Task Force to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) on adoption of clean energy policies. The recommendations cut across the areas of Clean Energy, Distributed Generation and Storage, and Grid Modernization.
05 Oct
Nevada Solar Advocates Laud Task-Force Recommendations
Wednesday, October 5, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Nevada    
Author : Suzanne Potter, Public News Service - NV
Adoption Year : 2016
"[This is a News article which highlights the excitement] of solar advocates in Nevada [with regards] to the recommendations...released by Gov. Brian Sandoval's New Energy Industry Task Force. [The recommendations] propose that customers be allowed to sell excess solar electricity back to the grid at reasonable rates, in exchange for a small baseline fee on their bills."
27 Sep
Value of Solar and Grid Benefits Studies - Alternative Approaches and Results
Tuesday, September 27, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Jim Lazar (RAP Senior Advisor), Dr. Thomas Vitolo (Synapse Energy Economics Senior Associate)
Adoption Year : 2016
Jim Lazar of RAP and Dr. Thomas Vitolo of Synapse Energy Economics delve into questions surrounding the value of solar, including an examination of the relative merits of various types of value of solar studies, cost recovery methods, and how results from these studies can affect rate design and compensation for PV customers. Link to recording of their presentation: http://www.raponline.org/event/the-value-of-solar-assessing-the-benefits-the-costs-and-what-it-may-mean-for-net-energy-metering/?utm_source=ZohoCampaigns&utm_campaign=2016+Septe
21 Sep
Achieving very high PV penetration – The need for an effective electricity remuneration framework and a central role for grid operators
Wednesday, September 21, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Richard Perez, Karl R. Rábago (Rabago), Mike Trahan, Lyle Rawlings, Ben Norris, Tom Hoff, Morgan Putnam, Marc Perez
Adoption Year : 2016
This article proposes that optimally deployed solutions to the intermittency introduced by high penetration solar – e. g., electrical storage, optimized curtailment and demand response – could affordably transform solar power generation into the firm power delivery system modern energy economies require, thereby enabling very high solar penetration and the displacement of conventional power generation. The optimal deployment of these high-penetration-enabling solutions imply the existence of a healthy power grid, and therefore imply a central r
21 Sep
Distributed Energy Resources in Nevada - Quantifying the net benefits of distributed energy resources
Wednesday, September 21, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Nevada    
Author : SolarCity, NRDC
Adoption Year : 2016
Rooftop solar photovoltaics (PV) and distributed energy resources can deliver net benefits to Nevadans today and, if thoughtfully utilized, play a significant role in Nevada’s energy future. However, these benefits are not being fully realized in practice today. Narrow accounting of distributed resources’ contribution to the grid, financial disincentives embedded in utility regulatory models, and outdated grid planning procedures are preventing full utilization of these assets. But these obstacles can be readily overcome. Doing so will deliver
12 Sep
Incentivizing Solar Energy: An In-Depth Analysis of U.S. Solar Incentives
Monday, September 12, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Opposition Item    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Arizona    California    Connecticut    Florida    Georgia    Illinois    Louisiana    Maine    Massachusetts    Michigan    Minnesota    Nevada    New Hampshire    New Jersey    North Carolina    
Author : Consumer Energy Alliance, Report prepared by: Borlick Associates, LLC
Adoption Year : 2016
From the Executive Summary: To stimulate renewable energy development, governments at the local, state and federal level have provided a myriad of incentives for residential electricity customers who install solar panels on their roofs, some of which overlap. The combined effect of these incentives is quite substantial – particularly in light of the dramatic decline in the cost of solar panels that has recently occurred. This report aims to inform policymakers by quantifying the total incentives as a percentage of the installed cost of a ty
11 Aug
An Assessment of Renewable Electric Generating Technologies for Florida
Thursday, August 11, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Technology    
State : Florida    
Author : Florida Public Service Commission, Department of Environmental Protection
Adoption Year : 2003
The report discusses current policies and the limitations of such policies to the development of new renewable resources, contains descriptions of specific renewable technologies, provides estimated costs, describes likely environmental attributes of these technologies, and offers summaries of various options and mechanisms that other states have adopted to encourage renewables.
11 Aug
Technical Potential for Local Distributed Photovoltaics in California
Thursday, August 11, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Energy and Environmental Economics, Inc. (E3)
Adoption Year : 2012
We are pleased to announce the release of a Consultant Report on the technical potential, costs, and benefits of local distributed solar photovoltaics (PV) in California. Specifically, CPUC staff requested this consultant report to better understand and to compare the costs and benefits of the various distributed solar PV market segments, including residential rooftop, commercial rooftop, small ground-mount, and larger ground-mount (up to 20 megawatts). The methodology and analysis in this report will be used to inform the broader renewable res
11 Aug
Introduction to the California Net Energy Metering Ratepayer Impacts Evaluation
Thursday, August 11, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Ehren Seybert, Gabe Petlin, Katie Wu, Melicia Charles - California Public Utilities Commission
Adoption Year : 2013
NEM is an electricity tariff billing mechanism designed to facilitate the installation of renewable customer distributed generation (DG). Under NEM tariffs, customers receive a bill credit for generation that is exported to the electric grid during times when it is not serving onsite load. Bill credits for the excess generation are applied to a customer’s bill at the same retail rate (including generation, distribution, and transmission components) that the customer would have paid for energy consumption, according to their otherwise applicable
11 Aug
Evaluation of Net Metering in Vermont Conducted Pursuant to Act 99 of 2014
Thursday, August 11, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Vermont    
Author : Public Service Department
Adoption Year : 2014
Act 99 of the 2014 Vermont legislative session directed the Public Service Department (Department) to complete an evaluation of net metering in Vermont and file the resulting report with the Public Service Board. This report to the Public Service Board (Board) addresses the legislative request. It builds directly from the report completed by the Department in January 2013 pursuant to Act 125 of the 2012 legislative session, updating assumptions and methodology as appropriate and described herein. Aspects of the methodology and approach that are
10 Aug
Energy Institute Comments for FTC Workshop Examining Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in the Rooftop Solar Business
Wednesday, August 10, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : The Institute for 21st Century Energy
Adoption Year : 2016
As is evidenced by a large number of the questions posed by the FfC's notice of its solar power workshop, the rapid growth of the residential solar sector, along with the comparative inexperience of residential consumers with the economics of generating their own electricity, certainly warrants a close look by the FfC. Given that the primary mission of the FfC is to protect America' s consumers, the FfC's inquiry into the residential solar power sector is overdue.
10 Aug
SEIA Comment for FTC Workshop Examining Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in the Rooftop Solar Business
Wednesday, August 10, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Thomas P. Kimbis - Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA)
Adoption Year : 2016
The solar industry prides itself on its record of consumer protection. We view the protection of our customers as essential to our very existence. As the number of rooftop solar installations reaches 1 million, it is imperative that residential customers are protected, educated and armed with the best information possible so that they can make choices that are right for them and their families. Included is SEIA's Residential Consumer Guide to Solar Power, amongst other handouts it provides its customers.
10 Aug
Competition Issues Between Solar Distributed Generation (DG) Firms and Regulated Utilities
Wednesday, August 10, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Tax Issues    
State : @National    
Author : Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA)
Adoption Year : 2016
What was mostly theoretical in 1998 in terms of DG PV becoming a competing electricity generation platform with traditional centralized generation retail service has become a reality with the maturation of the solar industry, a ninety percent (90%) reduction in the cost of solar panels, a two thousand percent (2000%) increase in the number of solar workers, the spread of solar to dozens of states rather than California alone, innovation in financing and ownership structures for DG technologies, massive scaling in production, and sophisticated
10 Aug
Comments submitted by REPOWER by Solar Universe to the Federal Trade Commission Workshop “Something New Under the Sun: Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in Solar Power,” June 21, 2016
Wednesday, August 10, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : REPOWER by Solar Universe
Adoption Year : 2016
For more than a decade, the success of solar as a business has required relatively stable rates and incentives. Unstable incentive structures (expiring incentives, inadequately funded incentive mechanisms, etc.) have been the one of the greatest limiting factors to DG industry growth. Consumers who don’t have confidence that solar savings estimates are accurate won’t commit to contracts, limiting market growth. Similarly, if DG companies are unsure about how long a particular incentive or rate structure will last, they won’t invest to expand th
10 Aug
NRECA Comments for FTC Workshop Examining Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in the Rooftop Solar Business
Wednesday, August 10, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Jay Morrison - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA)
Adoption Year : 2016
Retail rates should be designed to treat all consumers equitably and designed to minimize cost shifting among consumers. In order to achieve these goals, rates and cost-drivers should be aligned as much as possible. NRECA is concerned that net metering policies lead to cost shifting among consumers. Cost shifting occurs because net metering customers underpay the fixed-costs they impose on the system and because utilities are required to pay significantly more than avoided cost for a resource that cannot be dispatched reliably.
09 Aug
Comment for FTC Workshop Examining Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in the Rooftop Solar Business
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Burcin Unel - The Institute for Policy Integrity at New York University School of Law
Adoption Year : 2016
As distributed energy resources (“DER”) are becoming increasingly common, the debate on how customers with such systems should be compensated is intensifying. More states are undertaking initiatives to evaluate their current policies, especially the policies directed at solar distributed generation such as net metering. As the Federal Trade Commission (“Commission”) noted in the announcement notice for Something New Under the Sun Workshop, determining the correct rate for net metering is a complex issue.2 Ideally, customers should pay for the f
09 Aug
FTC Testimony, Solar Electricity Project P161200 Comments
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Ashley Brown - Harvard Electricity Policy Group
Adoption Year : 2016
While the costs of rooftop photovoltaic panels have been declining very dramatically, the costs of installed systems have not kept pace. The fact is that the declining costs of the panels are simply not being passed on to consumers, as one might expect to happen in a competitive, or even a regulated cost based, market. Evidence from MIT and from the Lawrence Berkley National Lab suggests that American consumers of rooftop solar may be paying a premium, compared to other parts of the world. And despite the impressive declines in solar panel cos
09 Aug
Comments of the Edison Electric Institute Something New Under the Sun: Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in Solar Power A Federal Trade Commission Workshop
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Edward H. Comer - Edison Electric Institute (EEl)
Adoption Year : 2016
In advance of the workshop on solar power that will be held by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC or Commission) at the end of June, the Edison Electric Institute (EEl) submits these comments addressing competition and consumer protection issues that may arise when electricity customers choose to install private (often rooftop) solar photovoltaic (PV) panels to generate some of their own electricity. EEl appreciates the opportunity to participate in the workshop and to submit these comments. The FTC has an important role to play in understanding
09 Aug
DG Solar PV and TPO, A Situational Analysis
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Rogier Fentener Van Vlissingen
Adoption Year : 2016
"Amid the recent melt-down of several Third Party Owned Solar PV providers, it is time to address both the deceptive marketing of this industry at the retail/consumer level and at the investor level. Based on my observations of the industry, along with analysis and writing in this area in recent years, mostly on blogs and financial sites like Seeking Alpha as well as some some Environmental/Energy websites, I have come to the conclusion that the principal impediment in this area is consumer confusion."
09 Aug
Comments of Center for Resource Solutions (CRS) for consideration at the Federal Trade Commission’s “Something New Under the Sun: Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in Solar Power” Workshop
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Center for Resource Solutions (CRS)
Adoption Year : 2016
Center for Resource Solutions concerning the FTC's "Something New Under the Sun: Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in Solar Power” Workshop." Comments included answers to questions offered at the workshop. CRS is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that creates policy and market solutions to advance sustainable energy. CRS has broad expertise in renewable energy market design, renewable energy standard development and verification, electricity product disclosures and consumer protection, and greenhouse gas reporting and accounting.
09 Aug
Comment for FTC Workshop Examining Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in the Rooftop Solar Business
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    Arizona    
Author : Mark Brnovich - Office of the Arizona Attorney General
Adoption Year : 2016
The Arizona Attorney General’s Office submits this comment to outline the consumer protection issues encountered in Arizona regarding the rooftop solar industry and the steps taken by this office to address such issues. Although solar technology has the potential to provide many benefits to consumers, misrepresentations about rooftop solar are regrettably common. Because Arizona is fortunate to have abundant year-round sunshine, many rooftop solar businesses look to do business in Arizona. This has positioned the Arizona Attorney General’s Offi
09 Aug
Ballasted Systems and Commercial/Industrial Flat Roofs
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Technology    
State : @National    
Author : David Rose
Adoption Year : 2016
The basic reason given by Solar Integrators for using Ballasted Racking Systems is to avoid penetrations that may be necessary for the Solar Electrical installation. This can sometimes be an improper evaluation of the system when it comes to the warranty that roofing manufacturers offer. The myth of ballasted systems is that they will automatically secure the existing warranty when in fact they can void a warranty even when there are fewer penetrations. Each Roofing Manufacturer has specific requirements and information that is to be met in ord
09 Aug
Comment for the Federal Trade Commission: Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in Solar Power
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Benjamin Zycher
Adoption Year : 2016
This note responds to the FTC request for public comment attendant upon the workshop scheduled for June 21, 2016 on the topic “Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in Solar Power,” as described on the FTC website, and detailed in a pdf document with that title. That document here is referenced as “the FTC discussion paper.”
09 Aug
Something New Under the Sun: Competition and Consumer Protection Issues in Solar Power A Federal Trade Commission Workshop
Tuesday, August 9, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : S. Becca Polisuk - The Alliance for Solar Choice (TASC)
Adoption Year : 2016
The traditional utility business model conflicts with important policy goals, such as reducing total system cost, minimizing environmental impact and encouraging emerging technologies and innovation. In addition, the traditional business model might do little to ensure other goals – including improved customer service and reliability – are met. In light of the emergence of new technologies capable of reducing energy consumption and providing grid services on the customer side of the meter, regulators should consider whether the traditional uti
08 Aug
Comments of The Large Public Power Council In Response to Invitation of the Federal Trade Commission In Connection With Solar Distributed Generation Workshop
Monday, August 8, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Large Public Power Council (LPPC)
Adoption Year : 2016
To varying degrees, nearly all LPPC members are involved with the interconnection of customer­owned or controlled distributed generation, and the associated commercial and regulatory issues.  As the FTC’s notice suggests, these issues are challenging and have become highly politicized. with a substantial increase in the level of DG, utility rate structures establishing compensation for DG that may once have been viewed as providing an appropriate subsidy for a nascent business model now pose a substantial challenge to financial support for the 
08 Aug
Value of solar gains another foothold in Minnesota
Monday, August 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Frank Jossi
Adoption Year : 2016
Minnesota became the first state in the nation Thursday to adopt a “value of solar” approach for determining how community solar customers will be paid for the power the projects produce. The value of solar approach includes external factors such as avoided transmission investments, the favorable health and environmental impact of clean energy and the ability to help the electric grid meet large demand on sunny days when extra power is often needed.
05 Aug
Comments of Vote Solar in Response to the Questions for the Commission’s June 21 Workshop
Friday, August 5, 2016
Resource Type : Misc
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Vote Solar Institute
Adoption Year : 2016
On April 12, 2016 the Commission notified interested parties that it will hold a workshop on June 21, 2016 in Washington DC to examine competition and consumer protection issues raised by consumers’ growing use of rooftop solar panels to generate their own electric power. Vote Solar is interested in the issues to be discussed at the workshop and appreciates the opportunity to submit the comments below to the questions in the notice.
04 Aug
Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Andrew Mills, Ryan Wiser - Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Adoption Year : 2012
We estimate the long-run economic value of variable renewable generation with increasing penetration using a unique investment and dispatch model that captures long-run investment decisions while also incorporating detailed operational constraints and hourly time resolution over a full year. High time resolution and the incorporation of operational constraints are important for estimating the economic value of variable generation, as is the use of a modeling framework that accommodates new investment decisions. The model is herein applied with
04 Aug
2014 Value of Solar Executive Summary
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Thomas E. Hoff, Ben Norris - Clean Power Research
Adoption Year : 2013
The objective of this project was to calculate the long-term value of solar to Austin Energy. This information will be used by Austin Energy as input for the basis of a rate offered to customers
04 Aug
Energy and Capacity Valuation of  Photovoltaic Power Generation in New York
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : Richard Perez, Thomas E. Hoff - Clean Power Research
Adoption Year : 2008
This initial investigation in the value of photovoltaic (PV) power generation for New York focuses on the value to utilities. Specifically, the report asks whether PV netmetering constitutes a loss to the utilities which would negatively affect their rate payers. The value of customer-sited PV generation to a utility includes generation-level energy and capacity, as well as environmental compliance benefits, fuel price hedge protection, and location specific-transmission and distribution (T&D) and loss savings benefits.
04 Aug
Evaluation of Hawaii’s Renewable Energy Policy and Procurement
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Hawaii    
Author : Energy and Environmental Economics, Inc. (E3)
Adoption Year : 2014
The State of Hawaii has ambitious goals for renewable energy development with a target of 40% of the State’s electricity coming from renewable generation by 2030. Under a National Association of Regulatory Commissioners (NARUC) funded grant, Energy and Environmental Economics, Inc. (E3) was retained by the Hawaii Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to develop a methodology and compare the economics of different renewable generation procurement options.
04 Aug
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago on behalf of the Georgia Solar Energy Industries Association In re: Georgia Power Company's Application for Approval of its 2013 Integrated Resource Plan, Docket No. 36498
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Opposition Item    
State : Georgia    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2013
In the testimony, Karl Rabago addresses the deficiencies in the Company’s IRP related to renewable energy, distributed solar in particular. He identifies the major analytical weaknesses underlying the Plan – that the Company fails to recognize the value of distributed solar and that the value of solar is not reasonably reflected in the prices paid for solar energy.
04 Aug
Quantifying the Benefits of Solar Power for California
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Ed Smeloff
Adoption Year : 2005
This paper provides a quantitative analysis of key benefits of solar energy for California based on the best available data. It is not intended to be a comprehensive analysis of all of the benefits of solar power, many of which are difficult to quantify. However, it does document the value of solar energy to reduce peak demand for electricity, lessen the consumption of natural gas in power plants, avoid environmental damage from power plant emissions, help the electric grid operate more efficiently by reducing line losses and save investment ca
04 Aug
The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : California    
Author : Naïm (Naim) Darghouth, Galen Barbose, Ryan Wiser - Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Adoption Year : 2010
Though net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the bill-savings value of net
04 Aug
2013 Updated Solar PV Value Report
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Arizona    
Author : SAIC
Adoption Year : 2013
This Report is presented in three sections. Section 1 describes the objectives of the 2013 Updated Solar PV Value Report, summarizes key assumptions, and provides an overview of the foundational elements of the 2009 Study (Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study). Section 2 presents the methodologies used in the analysis of the projected solar PV systems and underlying support for the updated solar PV value assessment which is summarized in Section 3.
04 Aug
The Benefits and Costs of Solar Distributed Generation for Arizona Public Service, re: Docket no. E-00000J-14-0023
Thursday, August 4, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Policy Positions    
State : Arizona    
Author : B. Thomas Beach - The Alliance for Solar Choice (TASC)
Adoption Year : 2016
This testimony responds to the Commission's request that parties file proposals on how to value distributed generation resources in Arizona.There is a developing consensus in the utility industry on the best practices for designing benefit-cost analyses of net metering and distributed resources, a consensus which draws upon the similar analyses which have become standard practice for other types of demand-side resources. These analyses assess the benefits and costs of these resources from multiple perspectives, including those of the principal
21 Jul
SolarCity continues installation growth in Q1, but bookings drop on policy issues
Thursday, July 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @National    
Author : Christian Roselund
Adoption Year : 2016
The largest distributed solar installer in the U.S. is continuing to grow, but some of the details were bumpy in Q1 due to interruptions in net metering policies in several states.
21 Jul
Solar breakthrough? Regulator says tariffs should recognise PV benefits
Thursday, July 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : @International    
Author : Giles Parkinson
Adoption Year : 2016
It has taken nearly a decade and dozens of reviews, but finally an Australian regulator has recommended that rooftop solar installations – along with other distributed generation such as small wind turbines – be rewarded for the value they bring to the grid, and their environmental benefits.
21 Jul
Nevada Solar Subsidy Claims Need More Evidence
Thursday, July 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : Nevada    
Author : Riley Snyder
Adoption Year : 2016
A group backed by Nevada’s energy monopoly is airing television ads that aim to cast a shadow over the well-publicized complaints of the rooftop solar industry. Solar Energy Fairness (which is backed by NV Energy, the state’s electric service monopoly) is airing an ad throughout Nevada with a narrator warning that "big rooftop solar" is trying to trick consumers into supporting a "government-mandated subsidy with no limits." "Big rooftop solar's plan forces Nevada families who don’t have solar panels to pay higher power bills to subsidize roo
21 Jul
Maine Voices: Solar energy bill extinguished by lobbying based on false, misleading information
Thursday, July 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Maine    
Author : Sam Zuckerman
Adoption Year : 2016
Behind closed doors and in debate, Republican Minority Leader Ken Fredette let the attack on the most significant solar energy measure Maine has ever seen.
21 Jul
Caps Raised, New Hampshire Turns Attention to Imminent Struggle Over Solar Value
Thursday, July 21, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : New Hampshire    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2016
Net energy metered distributed solar was fading in New Hampshire as developers neared the state policy’s cap. But in March, legislators came together and passed a new law doubling the limit. Problem solved? Not quite.
20 Jul
Net Energy Metering: Growth and Accountability in the Distributed Solar Market
Wednesday, July 20, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @National    Nevada    
Author : Luke Bassett
Adoption Year : 2016
The net metering policy landscape continues to change quickly—often reactively—and varies greatly from state to state. Recently, under pressure from electric utilities, some state public utility commissions, or PUCs, have started to reconsider how to set electricity rates in order to ensure utilities can cover costs and realize a reasonable return on their investments.
18 Jul
Big solar is leaving rooftop systems in the dust
Monday, July 18, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Nichola Groom (Reuters)
Adoption Year : 2016
Solar power is on pace for the first time this year to contribute more new electricity to the grid than will any other form of energy – a feat driven more by economics than green mandates. The cost of electricity from large-scale solar installations now is comparable to and sometimes cheaper than natural gas-fired power, even without incentives aimed at promoting environmentally friendly power, according to industry players and outside cost studies.
24 May
Rooftop solar: Net metering is a net benefit
Tuesday, May 24, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Mark Muro and Devashree Saha
Adoption Year : 2016
Rooftop solar is booming in U.S. cities. Regulators and utilities need to engage in a broader and more honest conversation about how to integrate distributed generation technologies into the grid nationwide, with an eye toward instituting a fair utility cost recovery strategy that does not pose significant challenges to solar adoption.
23 May
The Environmental and Public Health Benefits of Achieving High Penetrations of Solar Energy in the United States
Monday, May 23, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Wiser, Ryan H., Trieu Mai, Dev Millstein, Jordan Macknick, Alberta Carpenter, Stuart Cohen, Wesley Cole, Bethany Frew, Garvin A. Heath
Adoption Year : 2016
This study finds that a future U.S. electricity system in which solar plays a major role—14% of demand in 2030, and 27% in 2050—would result in enduring environmental and health benefits; that the existing fleet of solar power plants is already offering a down-payment towards those benefits; and that there are sizable regional differences in the magnitude of the benefits. The total monetary value of the greenhouse-gas and criteria air pollution benefits of the high-penetration scenario exceeds $400 billion under central estimates, which is equi
23 May
New study tallies environmental and public health benefits of solar power
Monday, May 23, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Adoption Year : 2016
Solar power could deliver $400 billion in environmental and public health benefits throughout the United States by 2050, according to a study from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).
10 May
Northeast Solar Energy Market Coalition (NESEMC) Flyer
Tuesday, May 10, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : NESEMC
Adoption Year : 2016
One page overview of the Northeast Solar Energy Market Coalition (NESEMC).
10 May
Value of Solar - Tariff Pilot Design Elements
Tuesday, May 10, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2016
Paper details the key design elements of a VOS tariff. A “value of solar tariff” operates like a net metering tariff in providing customers with a monthly bill credit for the act of generating electricity from a private solar PV system. Unlike traditional net metering, however, the value of the solar generation credit is calculated based on the levelized present value of the sum of the life-cycle costs and benefits of energy produced by the solar PV system, instead of a credit based on the customer’s otherwise applicable tariffed rate for co
10 May
Value of Solar - Study Design Elements
Tuesday, May 10, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2016
A more detailed introduction to Value of Solar studies than the one page summary: what they are, key design elements, and their applications. Includes a data table with an illustrative example of a how results might be structured.
10 May
How to Assess the True Value of Solar
Tuesday, May 10, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2016
Brief introduction to Value of Solar studies: what they are, key design elements, and their applications. Includes a data table with an illustrative example of a how results might be structured.
10 May
The Value of Distributed Renewable Energy Generation (Video and Slide Deck)
Tuesday, May 10, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Rhode Island    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2016
Slide presentation made to the Rhode Island Legislature on the value of distributed generation and other distributed energy resources. This is the deck being referenced during the Presentation (Video Link).
08 May
Response Testimony of Karl R. Rabago In the Matter of: Biennial Determination of Avoided Cost Rates for Electric Utility Purchases from Qualifying Facilities - June 2, 2014
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : North Carolina    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
North Carolina Utilities Commission Docket No. E-100, Sub 140. In its order initiating this proceeding, "In the Matter of: Biennial Determination of Avoided Cost Rates for Electric Utility Purchases from Qualifying Facilities – 2014," the North Carolina Utilities Commission ("the Commission") signaled its intention to consider “changes to the methodology used to calculate avoided cost payments, particularly capacity payments,” including “whether the methodologies historically relied upon by the Commission to determine avoided cost capture the f
08 May
Rebuttal Testimony of Karl R. Rábago (Rabago) In the Matter of: Biennial Determination of Avoided Cost Rates for Electric Utility Purchases from Qualifying Facilities - 2014
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
North Carolina Public Utilities Commission Docket No. E-100, Sub 140. The rebuttal testimony responds to certain points in the testimony filed by several other parties on May 30, 2014. Some points include: testimony from Duke Energy Carolinas and Duke Energy Progress witness Kendal C. Bowman regarding costs included in avoided cost calculations, testimony of Duke witnesses Bowman, Snider, and Makovich relating to value of solar analysis, and testimony of Public Staff witness Dr. Richard E. Brown relating to the effective load carrying capacity
08 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago in the matter of: Biennial Determination of Avoided Cost Rates for Electric Utility Purchases from Qualifying Facilities -- 2014
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : North Carolina    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
North Carolina Utilities Commission Docket No. E-100, Sub 140. Direct Testimony on behalf of Southern Alliance for Clean Energy before the North Carolina Utilities Commission. The testimony recommends a full avoided cost analysis for solar technology, including utility-scale and distributed solar technology. This will reveal not only the full costs that can be avoided by solar resources, but demonstrate a comprehensive methodology suitable for assessing all manner of non-utility generation and resources.
08 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rábago (Rabago) for RENEW Wisconsin and Environmental Law and Policy Center - Exhibit RENEW 4 - Assessment of WEPCO Tariffs (Slides)
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Tax Issues    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Wisconsin    
Author : Bruce Chapman, Daniel Hansen, Laurence Kirsch, and Michael O'Sheasy at Christensen Associates Energy Consulting
Adoption Year : 2013
Wisc Public Service Commission Docket 6690-UR-123. The Power Point is a short hand assessment of way to address rate of pricing issues of WE Energies. It assesses the advantages and disadvantages of several rate designs including: increased fixed charges, graduated/ratcheted facilities charges, declining block, two-part pricing, fixed billing, and revenue decoupling. Then, the Power Point reports its research findings and recommends mass market strategies and future steps to address rate and pricing issues.
08 May
Resolve, To Create Sustainable Growth in Maine's Distributed Energy Sector That Uses Market Forces To Fairly Compensate Energy Producers
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : Maine Legislature
Adoption Year : 2015
The Resolve states that the Legislature finds that net energy billing is a simple mechanism that has supported the development of distributed generation in Maine, but may not provide a suitable long-term foundation for distributed generation. The Resolve directed the Commission to convene a stakeholder group to examine options for distributed solar policy in Maine going forward.
08 May
Report to the Legislature Regarding Market-Based Solar Policy Design Stakeholder Process Pursuant to Resolves 2015, ch. 37
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : Maine Public Utilities Commission
Adoption Year : 2016
Report reflecting the information gathered on solar promotion policy and an alternative to the current net metering billing system. It contains a description of the stakeholder process and a discussion of areas in which, in the Commission's view, there was substantial agreement and areas in which there was disagreement
08 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago on behalf of Environmental Respondents In re: Application of Appalachian Power Company for a 2014 Biennial Review of the Rates, Terms, and Conditions for the Provision of Generation, Distribution, and Transmission Services Pursuant to § 56-585.1 A of the Code of Virginia
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Tax Issues    
State : Virginia    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Virginia State Corporation Commission Case No. PUE-2014-00026. This testimony explains why the Appalachian Power Company's ("the Company") proposed standby charge would constitute an unjust, unreasonable, and improper discriminatory rate charged on solar customer-generators. The testimony states the proposed charge is inadequately supported and fails to meet the requirements of Virginia Code § 56-594 F. Under this statute, the Company must prove that its proposed charge would recover “only the portion of the supplier’s infrastructure costs that
08 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago on behalf of Environmental Respondents In re: Appalachian Power Company’s Integrated Resource Plan before State Corporation Commission of Virginia
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Virginia    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2015
Virginia State Corporation Commission Case No. PUE-2015-00036. Addresses the legal and regulatory obligations imposed on Appalachian Power Company in seeking the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission's ("Commission") approval for its 2015 Integrated Resource Plan and rules adopted by the Commission. In light of those requirements, the testimony makes several findings, reaches a conclusion about the Appalachian Power Company’s application, and makes a recommendation to the Commission.
08 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago re: Virginia Electric and Power Company's Solar Purchase Program proposal
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Virginia    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2012
Virginia State Corporation Commission Case No. PUE-2012-00064. Testimony on behalf of Environmental Respondents before the State Corporation Commission of Virginia to support full and fair evaluation of Virginia Electric and Power Company's ("the Company") Solar Purchase Program ("SP Program.") The testimony identifies positive and negative aspects of the SP Program proposal and alternative approaches and modifications to the proposal that could better serve the statutory and regulatory goals for solar energy in Virginia.
08 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago on behalf of the Georgia Solar Energy Industries Association before the Public Service Commission of the State of Georgia
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Georgia    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2013
Georgia Public Service Commission Docket No. 36498. This testimony addresses the deficiencies in Georgia Power Company's ("the Company") Integrated Resource Plan ("IRP.") The testimony describes one of IRP's major, underlying analytical weaknesses -- the Company failed to recognize the value of distributed solar and that the value of solar is not reasonably reflected in the prices paid for solar energy. The testimony proposes the Company improves and increases the market opportunities for distributed solar technology in its service territory th
08 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago on behalf of the Georgia Solar Energy Industries Association In re: Georgia Power Company's 2013 Rate Case
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Tax Issues    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Georgia    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2013
Georgia Public Service Commission Docket No. 36989. Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago on behalf of the Georgia Solar Energy Industries Association before the Public Service Commission ("the Commission") of the State of Georgia. Georgia Power Company (“the Company”) seeks to impose new rates and charges on customers who install and use solar energy generation systems at their homes, businesses and farms. The testimony urges the Commission to deny these new charges because the Company has failed to substantiate its need to implement tariff charg
08 May
Direct Testimony of Natalie A. Mims and Karl R. Rabago on Behalf of Southern Alliance for Clean Energy before the Florida Public Service Commission
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Florida    
Author : Natalie A. Mims
Adoption Year : 2014
Florida Public Service Commission Docket No. 130199-EI thru 130199-EI. This testimony presents the Commission with an evaluation of Florida Power and Lighting (“FPL”), Duke Energy Florida (“DEF”), Gulf Power Company (“GPC”) and TECO’s (collectively, the “Utilities”) Petition for Approval of Numeric Conservation Goals. Specifically, the testimony: 1. discusses why it is inappropriate and against precedent and legislative intent to use the Ratepayer Impact Measurement (“RIM”) test scores to set energy efficiency goals in Florida; 2. reviews the r
08 May
Nevada Net Energy Metering Impacts Evaluation
Sunday, May 8, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Nevada    
Author : Energy and Environmental Economics, Inc.
Adoption Year : 2014
Nevada Public Utilities Commission Docket No. 13-07010. This study was commissioned by the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada in response to Nevada Assembly Bill (AB) 428 to forecast the costs and benfits of renewable generation systems that qualify for the state’s net energy metering (NEM) program. Energy + Environmental Economics completed the study under direction of the PUCN and with input from a stakeholder advisory group composed of experts from the solar industry, ratepayer advocates, and electric utility representatives. This work wa
06 May
Modified Final Order on the Applications of Nevada Power Company and Sierra Pacific Power Company for approval of a cost-of-service study and net metering tariffs
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Tax Issues    
State : Nevada    
Author : Public Utilities Commission of Nevada
Adoption Year : 2016
Nevada Public Utilities Commission Docket No. 15-07041, 15-07042. Nevada Power Company and Sierra Pacific Power Company filed Applications for approval of a cost-of-service study and net energy metering tariffs. The Applications were granted as modified in the discussion and findings in the Order. The Public Utilities Commission of Nevada revised the tariffs and rates for both companies.
06 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago In re: Virginia Electric and Power Company's Integrated Resource Plan filing pursuant to Code of Virginia
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Virginia    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Virginia State Corporation Commission Case No. PUE-2013-00088. Testimony on behalf of Chesapeake Climate Action Network, Appalachian Voices, and the Virginia Chapter of the Sierra Club. The testimony evaluates the solar photovoltaic generation aspect of the Virginia Electric and Power Company's ("the Company") Integrated Resource Plan ("IRP.") The author's overall finding is that the Company's approach to solar energy is incomplete, inconsistent, and inaccurate. Given specific deficiencies explained in the testimony, the Company's approach to s
06 May
Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rábago (Rabago) for RENEW Wisconsin and Environmental Law and Policy Center
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Wisconsin    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Wisc Public Service Commission Docket 6690-UR-123. The purpose of this testimony is to demonstrate many significant errors underpinning the wholesale attack by Wisconsin Electric Power Company (the “Company”) on customer generators. The testimony points out the deficiencies in and adverse consequences of the proposals by the Company to: 1. raise fixed customer “facilities” charges; 2. impose standby/demand charges on distributed generators; 3. impose a new requirement for monthly netting on net metering customers; 4. set a de facto avoided cost
06 May
Detailed Comments In re: Distributed Generation before the Iowa Utilities Board
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Iowa    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2016
Iowa Utilities Board Docket No. NOI-2014-0001. Clean distributed generation ("DG") is the most exciting development in electric service and technology since the negawatt. It offers a host of advantages, but also has been perceived as a threat by utilities. While industry experts and many in the utility business have moved on beyond initial reactions to impose fixed charges and demand charges in an effort to undermine DG economics, there are still important issues, such as data-driven issues, that need to be addressed. Data-driven issues are is
06 May
Comments of Karl R. Rabago on behalf of Gulf States Renewable Energy Industries Association & the Alliance for Affordable Energy
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Louisiana    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2005
Louisiana Public Service Commission Docket No. R-31417. The comments assert the Louisiana Public Service Commission and Staff abate any action to adjust the benefits and burdens under Louisiana's net metering rule unless and until competent objective evidence is developed regarding the benefits and costs associated with distributed solar energy generation. The testimony makes recommendations based on the following: 1. the existing Louisiana Net Metering Rule is reasonable and consistent with the practice in the majority of U.S. jurisdictions; 2
06 May
Comments of Karl R. Rábago (Rabago) In re: Distributed Generation before Iowa Utilities Board
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Iowa    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Iowa Utilities Board Docket No. NOI-2014-0001. The comments assert the Louisiana Public Service Commission and Staff abate any action to adjust the benefits and burdens under Louisiana's net metering rule unless and until competent objective evidence is developed regarding the benefits and costs associated with distributed solar energy generation. The testimony makes recommendations based on the following: 1. the existing Louisiana Net Metering Rule is reasonable and consistent with the practice in the majority of U.S. jurisdictions; 2. solar c
06 May
Notice Inviting Public Comment on Staff White Paper on Benefit-Cost Analysis
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : State of New York Public Service Commission
Adoption Year : 2015
New York PSC Case 14-M-0101. Notice issued July 2, 2015 inviting comments on the REV Benefit-Cost Analysis White Paper
06 May
Order Establishing the Benefit Cost Analysis Framework
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : State of New York Public Service Commission
Adoption Year : 2016
New York PSC Case 14-M-0101. In the Track 1 Order, the Public Service Commission directed the Department of Public Service Staff (Staff) to develop and issue a Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) Whitepaper for considering and evaluating proposals made within the scope of the Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) proceeding and related proceedings.
06 May
Qualifications and Direct Testimony of Karl R. Rabago re the Michigan Public Service Commission’s motion, regarding the regulatory reviews, revisions, determinations and/or approvals necessary for the Detroit Edison Company's full compliance with Public Acts 286 and 295 of 2008 - September 5, 2013
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Michigan    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2013
Michigan Public Service Commission Case No. U-17302. The testimony addresses deficiencies in the Detroit Edison Company’s ("the Company") Renewable Energy Plan ("REP") related to distributed solar. The author identifies a major analytical weakness underlying the Plan and the Company’s approach to distributed solar energy -- the Company fails to recognize the value of distributed solar. The testimony proposes that the Company improve and increase market opportunities for distributed solar technology in its service territory through adoption of i
06 May
Sierra Club's Comments on Kentucky Power Company's Integrated Resource Planning Report, Including Technical Comments of Karl R. Rabago (Exhibit B) on Solar Valuation
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Kentucky    
Author : Sierra Club
Adoption Year : 2014
Kentucky Public Service Commission Case No. 2013-00475. Kentucky Power Company's ("KPC") Integrated Resource Planning Report ("IRP") is a plan to diversify its energy portfolio. However, Sierra Club's comments state KPC failed to evaluate a range of potential resource plans. The IRP does not incorporate the thorough and reasonable planning needed to achieve a least cost and least risk energy future. Sierra Club suggests the Public Service Commission Staff find the IRP to be inadequate and require KPC to address and correct the above errors in t
06 May
Staff White Paper on Benefit-Cost Analysis in the Reforming the Energy Vision Proceeding
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : New York State Department of Public Service
Adoption Year : 2015
New York PSC Case 14-M-0101. In its Order Adopting Regulatory Policy Framework and Implementation Plan, the Public Service Commission directed Department of Public Service Staff to develop and issue a Benefit-Cost Analysis White Paper describing a framework for considering utility proposals within the Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) proceeding and related proceedings. An underlying objective of this White Paper is to facilitate a dialogue among parties addressing the components and application of a BCA in the context of REV. The Framework pro
06 May
State of North Carolina Utilities Commission Raleigh -- Order Setting Avoided Cost Input Parameters
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Opposition Item    Tax Issues    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : North Carolina    
Author : North Carolina Utilities Commission
Adoption Year : 2014
North Carolina Utilities Commission Docket No. E-100, Sub 140. An Order, including facts, evidence, and discussion, by the North Carolina Utilities Commission establishing avoided cost rates and tariffs and mandating specific methods to calculate a number of rates, either incorporating or not incorporating certain costs and benefits.
06 May
Summary of Testimony on Behalf of the North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : North Carolina    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
North Carolina Utilities Commission Docket No. E-100, Sub 140. Summary of Karl R. Rabago's testimony to propose the North Carolina Utilities Commission Commission address inadequacies the utilities' avoided cost proposals by implementing a short-term and a longer-term approach that will better ensure that "full," non-discriminatory avoided cost rates are offered to qualifying solar electric facilities in both the short-term and the longer-term.
06 May
Surrebuttal Testimony of Karl R. Rabago for RENEW Wisconsin and Environmental Law & Policy Center
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Wisconsin    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Wisconsin Public Service Commission Docket No. 05-UR-107. Testimony for RENEW Wisconsin and Environmental Law & Policy Center before the Public Service Commission of Wisconsin re: Joint Application of Wisconsin Electric Power Company and Wisconsin Gas LLC to Conduct a Biennial Review of Costs and Rates for Test Year 2015. This surrebutal points out the flawed assumption in the witness' testimony and rebuttal. The flaw is that the broad and uncharacterized interests of "economic efficiency" will be advanced by aligning rate design with average c
06 May
Testimony of Karl R. Rabago on behalf of the North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : North Carolina    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2013
North Carolina Public Utilities Commission Docket No. E-100, Sub 136. The testimony helps demonstrate that traditional avoided cost calculations are inadequate to objectively capture the "full avoided costs" associated with solar electric facilities and that valuation studies and analyses published over the last several years demonstrate this inadequacy with empirical data. The testimony recommends the Commission address this inadequacy by implementing a short-term and longer-term approach that will better ensure that "full," non-discriminatory
06 May
Testimony of Karl R. Rabago on Behalf of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Florida    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Florida Public Service Commission Docket No. 130199-EI thru 130199-EI. The purpose of the testimony is to make two points regarding the solar photovoltaic ("solar PV") pilot programs administered by Florida Power & Light Company, Duke Energy Florida, Inc., Tampa Electric Company, and Gulf Power Company ("the Companies.") First, the Companies should substantially revise and continue their solar PV programs. Second, the Companies' solar programs should be revised to improve valuation techniques for solar PV in order to more accurately characteriz
06 May
Value of Distributed Generation - Solar PV in Connecticut
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Connecticut    
Author : Acadia Center
Adoption Year : 2015
In addition to avoided energy costs, behind-the-meter solar PV helps offset other costs associated with the electric grid. Some of these costs include avoided capacity costs and avoided transmission and distribution costs. Acadia Center assessed the value of solar of a PV system installed near Hartford, Connecticut. The results show the orientation of a system will deliver different values.
06 May
Value of Distributed Generation - Solar PV in Massachusetts
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Massachusetts    
Author : Acadia Center
Adoption Year : 2015
Acadia Center assessed the grid and societal values of 6 marginal solar PV systems in Rhode Island to better understand the overall value that solar PV provides to the grid. The analysis determined the value of solar to the grid ranges from 22-28 cents/kWh plus societal values of approximately 6.7 cents/kWh. The results of the analysis demonstrate solar is a valuable local energy resource that provides benefits to all ratepayers and society by helping to reduce the cost of the electricity system. To do so, distributed energy resources must be f
06 May
Value of Distributed Generation - Solar PV in New Hampshire
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New Hampshire    
Author : Acadia Center
Adoption Year : 2015
Acadia Center assessed the grid and societal values of 6 marginal solar PV systems in Rhode Island to better understand the overall value that solar PV provides to the grid. The analysis determined the value of solar to the grid ranges from 19-24 cents/kWh plus societal values of approximately 7 cents/kWh. The results of the analysis demonstrate solar is a valuable local energy resource that provides benefits to all ratepayers and society by helping to reduce the cost of the electricity system. To do so, distributed energy resources must be fai
06 May
Value of Distributed Generation - Solar PV in Rhode Island
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Rhode Island    
Author : Acadia Center
Adoption Year : 2015
Acadia Center assessed the grid and societal values of 6 marginal solar PV systems in Rhode Island to better understand the overall value that solar PV provides to the grid. The analysis determined the value of solar to the grid ranges from 19-25 cents/kWh plus societal values of approximately 7 cents/kWh. The results of the analysis demonstrate solar is a valuable local energy resource that provides benefits to all ratepayers and society by helping to reduce the cost of the electricity system. To do so, distributed energy resources must be fai
06 May
Value of Distributed Generation - Solar PV in Vermont
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Vermont    
Author : Acadia Center
Adoption Year : 2015
Acadia Center assessed the grid and societal values of 6 marginal solar PV systems in Vermont to better understand the overall value that solar PV provides to the grid. The analysis determined the value of solar to the grid ranges from 19-23 cents/kWh plus societal values of approximately 7 cents/kWh. The results of the analysis demonstrate solar is a valuable local energy resource that provides benefits to all ratepayers and society by helping to reduce the cost of the electricity system. To do so, distributed energy resources must be fairly c
06 May
Value of Distributed Generation - Solar PV Methodology
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Acadia Center
Adoption Year : 2015
Acadia Center assessed the grid and societal value of 6 marginal 1 kW solar PV systems to understand the overall value that solar PV provides to the grid, ratepayers, and society. To do so, NREL's PVWatts Calculator was used to estimate the hourly output profiles for 6 solar PV system orientations. This output was used to estimate avoided costs and benefits for 11 compoenets of grid and societal values. Location value, economic benefits, and subsidies received by fossil fuel companies were beyond the scope of Acadia's analysis.
06 May
Comments Before the Iowa Utilities Board
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : Testimony
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Tax Issues    
State : Iowa    
Author : Environmental Law & Policy Center, Iowa Environmental Council, Sierra Club, Iowa Solar Energy Trade Association, Solar Energy Industries Association, The Vote Solar Initiative, and Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. (IREC) Expert Report by Karl R. Rábago (Rabago).
Adoption Year : 2014
Iowa Utilities Board Docket No. NOI-2014-0001. The comments address Iowa's potential and untapped distributed generation market. They advocate that Iowa proactively catalyze its distributed generation market to prevent losing its distributed generation benefits to other states. The comments specifically address five issues relating to distributed generation in Iowa: 1. Iowa policy makers must take steps to catalyze the distributed generation market; 2. preserve, expand, and standardize Iowa's existing net metering policy to include all utilitie
06 May
Net Metering in Mississippi - Costs, Benefits, and Policy Considerations
Friday, May 6, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Mississippi    
Author : Synapse Energy Economics, Inc.
Adoption Year : 2014
Mississippi Public Service Commission Docket No. 2011-AD-2. Study prepared for the Public Service Commission of Mississippi on the potential implementation of net metering and interconnection policies in the state, specifically focusing on rooftop solar. Discusses a VOS Tariff on page 11
05 May
An Act to Support Solar Energy Development in Maine
Thursday, May 5, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Maine    
Author : 126th Maine Legislature
Adoption Year : 2014
This bill creates the Maine Solar Energy Act, which: 1. States specific legislative findings that it is in the public interest to encourage development of solar energy production in the State. This includes finding that solar energy development makes a significant contribution to the general welfare of the citizens of the State and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; 2. Requires the Public Utilities Commission to take specific measures regarding solar energy, including monitoring development and market trends and determining the value of
05 May
A Review of Solar PV Benefit & Cost Studies
Thursday, May 5, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Electricity Innovation Lab at Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI)
Adoption Year : 2013
This discussion document is an assessment of what is known and unknown about the categorization, methodological best practices, and gaps around the benefits and costs of distributed photovoltaics (DPV) and it begins to establish a clear foundation from which additional work on benefit/cost assessments and pricing structure development can be built. This discussion document reviews 16 DPV benefit/cost studies by utilities, national labs, and other organizations. Completed between 2005 and 2013, these studies reflect a significant range of estima
05 May
A Regulator's Guidebook: Calculating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Solar Generation
Thursday, May 5, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Jason B. Keyes at Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) and Karl R. Rábago (Rabago) at Rabago Energy LLC
Adoption Year : 2013
Recent distributed solar generation ("DSG") studies have varied widely due to differences in study assumptions, key parameters, and methodologies, as shown by Rocky Mountain Institute's meta-study. A standard methodology would be helpful as legislators, regulators and the public attempt to determine whether to curtail or expand DSG policies. Valuations vary by utility, but the authors contend that valuation methodologies should not. The authors suggest standardized approaches for the various benefits and costs, and explain how to calculate them
05 May
A Ratepayer Focused Strategy for Distributed Solar in Maine
Thursday, May 5, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : Strategen Consulting
Adoption Year : 2015
This white paper offers a framework for sustainable growth in Maine’s distributed solar energy sector that maximizes and fairly allocates benefits for all ratepayers. This approach builds on the Public Utilities Commission’s recent “value of solar” study as well as lessons learned from other states. The policy proposed is specifically tailored to the state of Maine and offers innovative program design features intended to capitalize on the latest technological advances in the solar industry. While designed to present a coherent and holistic pol
03 May
Why rooftop solar may be worth three times price of grid power
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : David Labrador
Adoption Year : 2015
A recently released study commissioned by the Maine Public Utility Commission dropped a bombshell on the electricity world earlier this year, valuing distributed solar at $0.33 per kWh, far above the state’s prevailing price. Maine’s traditional, centrally generated grid electricity is sold to residential customers at the average retail price of $0.13 per kWh. Under retail net metering, distributed solar is compensated at that same rate. The high value the study places on distributed solar added another data point to the ongoing, vigorous debat
03 May
What is Solar Power Really Worth to Maine?
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : David Labrador
Adoption Year : 2015
A look inside the state PUC’s value-of-solar study. A recently released study commissioned by the Maine Public Utility Commission dropped a bombshell on the electricity world earlier this year, valuing distributed solar at $0.33 per kWh, far above the state’s prevailing price. Maine’s traditional, centrally generated grid electricity is sold to residential customers at the average retail price of $0.13 per kWh. Under retail net metering, distributed solar is compensated at that same rate. The high value the study places on distributed sola
03 May
Report: Solar's value is nearly 17 cents/kWh, utilities under-compensating
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Robert Walton
Adoption Year : 2015
Green-advocacy group Environment America has reviewed 11 net metering studies, and says eight of them showed utilities are under-compensating the owners of rooftop solar systems. According to the report, the median value of solar power across all 11 studies was nearly 17 cents per kWh, versus the national average electricity price of about 12 cents. Progressive solar policies around the country have helped the resource bloom, the group said: the first quarter of this year ended with 21,300 MW of solar capacity installed in the United States.
03 May
Martha’s Vineyard basks in solar energy initiatives
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Massachusetts    
Author : Diane Alter
Adoption Year : 2016
The growing push for solar energy reflects a combination of tax incentives, conservation policies, and entrepreneurial drive.
03 May
Maine lawmakers propose groundbreaking way out of net metering wars
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Maine    
Author : Herman K. Trabish at Utility Dive
Adoption Year : 2015
Legislators want a 'Standard Buyer' to acquire distributed generation and value it properly. The Maine Office of the Public Advocate and an influential state legislator led a joint committee of the Legislature to unanimous approval of a proposal that will offer solar developers at every market level an opportunity to opt out of net energy metering (NEM). Instead of retail rate NEM, they will have the choice of a new plan that allows them to capture more value for their solar.
03 May
Is TASC splintering the rooftop solar industry?
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Policy Positions    
State : @Federal    
Author : Herman K. Trabish at Utility Dive
Adoption Year : 2015
A leading solar advocacy group is drawing criticism from its own industry. Just as the utility sector begins to embrace solar, the solar industry itself appears to be splintering, with once-allied companies being divided by contentious electricity policy issues on both the national and state level.
03 May
How Wellinghoff, Rabago, and other grid reformers would design their own electricity markets
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Gavin Bade
Adoption Year : 2015
SEPA asked stakeholders to design the "51st State." Here's a rundown of the non-utility contributions.
03 May
Can utilities learn to love distributed solar like central station arrays?
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Herman K. Trabish at Utility Dive
Adoption Year : 2016
With the federal tax break for solar now assured into the early 2020s, the business opportunity it presents to utilities has never seemed bigger. Most utilities are already signing power purchase agreements for central station solar, or are building it themselves. But are they missing out on an opportunity to grow solar on their customers’ rooftops? Or is that a poor value proposition for utilities and their ratepayers?
26 Apr
The Net Metering Riddle
Tuesday, April 26, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @National    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2016
Net metering opponents have done a masterful job in casting the debate around mistaken assumptions. As regulators conduct NEM 2.0 and Value of Solar proceedings, those errant assumptions should be exposed and the real questions addressed.
13 Apr
Why the Net Energy Metering Debate Misses the Point
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Matt Lehrman, Peter Bronski
Adoption Year : 2014
Article reconciling Net Energy Metering (NEM) and VOS by advocating net metering with unbundled pricing. Also mentions reasons for utility opposition to this.
13 Apr
Why Isn't Everyone Using Solar?
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : The Conversation
Adoption Year : 2015
This article gives a description on what net-metering is, and the arguments for and against its use. The author goes on to examine day-ahead price data in the Pittsburgh region and found while utilities would see a decline in their retail revenue because of the sue of solar power, this loss is less than the saving potential.
13 Apr
Why a Minnesota Energy Standard is a Great Idea
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Minnesota    
Author : John Farrell
Adoption Year : 2013
Presentation made for Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR) showing data providing support for the argument that a solar standard is cost-effective
13 Apr
What is Solar Power Worth?
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : News Staff, govtech.com
Adoption Year : 2015
Summary of Maine's Public Utilities Commission's report that valued distributed solar power at $0.33 per kWh, while the cost of centrally generated power goes for only $0.13 per kWh. The article discusses what factors go into the value of solar and the different policy options that the Maine Legislature can consider using the information in the study.
13 Apr
Value-of-Solar Study Proposed for Massachusetts
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Massachusetts    
Author : Kat Friedrich
Adoption Year : 2015
This post summarizes the event "Designing Solar's Value: A Stakeholder's Forum," where it was proposed that Massachusetts shift to a value-of-solar model of solar financing.
13 Apr
Value of the Grid to DG Customers
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Lisa Wood, IEE
Adoption Year : 2013
Edison Foundation-sponsored issue brief on the benefits that residential DG customers experience from being connected to the grid, and use those benefits to justify charging them for those services, regardless of the benefits provided by DG to the grid
13 Apr
Value of Solar Approaches Merit Our Support
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Persuasive piece on the development of VOS, and why it is a viable methodology
13 Apr
Utility Solar May Cost Less, But It's Also Worth Less
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : John Farrell
Adoption Year : 2015
This article questions a report that asserts that utility-scale solar is much more economical than small-scaled solar. One misguided assumption in the report is that residential and utility-scaled solar can be comparable on a levelized-cost basis.
13 Apr
Utilities Want Solar Customers to Pay More
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Arizona    California    Hawaii    
Author : Cassandra Sweet
Adoption Year : 2013
Uses California, Hawaii, and Arizona as examples of states where VOS is being disputed. Gives arguments from both sides.
13 Apr
True Value of Arizona Solar, By the Numbers
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Arizona    
Author : Herman Trabish, Greentech Media
Adoption Year : 2013
News article containing VOS research pertaining to Arizona, including a comparison of several studies on Arizona.
13 Apr
Top 5 trends in distributed energy policy and rate design
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Herman Trabish
Adoption Year : 2015
Article discusses key distributed energy policy questions across the nation from the third quarter of 2015. These included: state changes to NEM; how to value solar; fixed charge increases; and third-party financing options for solar.
13 Apr
The Three Best Things Minnesota Did for Solar Energy in the Last Week
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Adam James
Adoption Year : 2013
Article discussing the new solar energy standards. Specifically mentions the value of solar tariff.
13 Apr
The Sun Also Rises in the Southeast
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Florida    Georgia    
Author : Luis Martinez
Adoption Year : 2015
This post discusses the growth of solar in states such as Georgia and Florida. One major reason for its growth is the approval of solar PPAs even by conservative groups and policy makers.
13 Apr
The Making of a New Midwestern Solar Energy Standard
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Minnesota    
Author : John Farrell, grist.org
Adoption Year : 2013
Article about the progression of the MN solar bill through the legislature; also contains a Prairie Home Companion reference
13 Apr
The Integrated Grid - Realizing the Full Value of Central and Distributed Energy Resources
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
Adoption Year : 2014
Report stating that the traditional grid needs to expand to include DG and consumer participation in energy production. Mentions the success of feed-in tariffs internationally, and discusses improving the valuation of DER
13 Apr
The day after: How solar can thrive in the post-net metering era
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Hawaii    
Author : Herman Trabish
Adoption Year : 2015
This article discusses the lawsuit filed against Hawaii's PUC after they got rid of retail rate remuneration for new solar customers, and replaced it with two new options. The article also notes that some, such as Rocky Mountain Institute Senior Associate Mark Dyson, believe that the contention over net-metering is not necessary as there are new ways for rooftop solar can grow even without retail rate remuneration.
13 Apr
The Benefits of Distributed Generation: Why Locally Produced Solar is Good for Communities
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Cecilia Aguillon
Adoption Year : 2013
Post touting the economic benefits of community solar in all sizes
13 Apr
TEP drops net metering reform push, will wait for rate case
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Arizona    
Author : Herman Trabish
Adoption Year : 2015
This article discusses Arizona Corporation Commission's recommendation to determine Tuscson Electric Power's request for lower net-metering payments in a rate case rather than in a stand alone docket.
13 Apr
TenneSEIA working with TVA to develop market-driven solar rebates
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Tennessee    
Author : Amanda H. Miller
Adoption Year : 2015
This article discusses the collaboration between the Tennessee Solar Energy Industries Association and the Tennessee Valley Authority develop a more sustainable solar program that will alleviate the industry uncertainty created by disappearing incentives. One solution TennSEIA is seeking is for the utility is to consider the "true value" of solar.
13 Apr
Take My Solar Panel, Please! The San Antonio utility’s brilliant new business model for renewable energy
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Daniel Gross
Adoption Year : 2015
Discussion of CPS Energy's, the largest municipally owned utility in the United States, plan to offer residents cash, in the form of monthly credit on their electricity bills, if they agree to let a third party put a solar panel on their roofs.
13 Apr
Survey: Utilities, Regulators and the Solar Industry Actually Agree on Net Metering
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Rick Thompson
Adoption Year : 2016
Summary of trends GTM Squared published in their Annual Survey Report. One question surveyed is how distributed, consumer sited solar should be valued. The article specifically mentions the "value of solar" tariff as one of the answers.
13 Apr
State-led work group to review utilities' stake in solar
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Michigan    
Author : Jay Greene
Adoption Year : 2014
The Michigan PSC decided that the utilities should look into increasing the amount of their generation that comes from solar, exceeding the minimum required of them, and received pushback, especially from DTE. This article discusses the arguments on both sides.
13 Apr
Springer: The True Value of Solar Energy
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Vermont    
Author : Darren Springer
Adoption Year : 2013
Op-ed from former Bernie Sanders advisor using the state of Vermont's success in installing and integrating solar PV into the energy mix, specifically through cost savings to utilities and all customers, not just those with solar.
13 Apr
Solar's Value for Grid Circuits: Not Much on Average, but Huge for a Handful
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Jeff St. John
Adoption Year : 2015
This article discusses the UC Berkeley report that concludes that grid value of distributed solar is highly dependent on where PV is located.
13 Apr
Solar, will you marry me? (for a contract period of 20 years
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Laurel Passera
Adoption Year : 2014
Article detailing the new VOS methodology released by Minnesota, and their plan to offer utilities the option to replace net metering with a 20-year PPA using the VOS rate
13 Apr
Solar wins: How sunshine will save the planet (really!)
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Technology    
State : @International    
Author : Amelia Urry
Adoption Year : 2014
Article that shows how other countries are taking full advantage of the advances in solar tech, and providing an outlook on what the future of solar for the US could be
13 Apr
Solar Power Begins to Shine as Environmental Benefits Pay Off
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @International    
Author : Diana S. Powers, NYT
Adoption Year : 2013
Article detailing the international success of feed-in tariffs and VOS in producing extensive economic benefits for countries and customers installing solar, and notes that US pricing is lagging behind the rest of the world.
13 Apr
Solar Industry Gathers to Fight CPS Energy's SunCredit Program
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Opposition Item    
State : Texas    
Author : James Boyd, Renewableenergyworld.com
Adoption Year : 2013
Article using Austin VOS program as example for working system to distinguish from propose change to San Antonio program that would make ROI longer for solar users
13 Apr
Solar Industry Calls For Market-Driven Approach To TVA Solar Programs
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Tennessee    
Author : The Chattanoogan
Adoption Year : 2013
TenneSEIA, the state business association representing the solar industry, responded to the closure of TVA’s solar programs today by publicly urging the authority to abandon the practice of setting arbitrary calendar year caps on solar installations and instead, adopt a market-driven model that decreases incentives based on the amount of solar installed and incorporates the value of solar energy into the budgeting process.
13 Apr
Solar advocates fight to preserve incentives
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Massachusetts    
Author : Jack Newsham
Adoption Year : 2015
Solar proponents in Massachusetts advocate for increasing or eliminating the cap on solar net metering in the state, with measured support from Attorney General Maura Healey.
13 Apr
Small, distributed generation could change TVA's power pricing model
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Tennessee    
Author : Dave Flessner
Adoption Year : 2014
Reviews TVA's move to invest more in DG, especially solar, and the discussions the utility is having with regional stakeholders to ensure that the valuation of these resources is fair to ratepayers
13 Apr
Rural electric co-ops, traditionally bastions of coals, are getting into solar
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Illinois    Iowa    Wisconsin    
Author : David Roberts
Adoption Year : 2016
This post discusses particular problems in rural communities gaining access to the grid and the history and rise of rural co-ops. In particular, focuses on the switch from energy generated from coal to energy produced by renewable energy sources resulting from new financial options.
13 Apr
Rooftop solar is growing so fast that electric utilities are now trying to slow it down
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Brad Plumer
Adoption Year : 2014
Focuses on the conflict between decreasing costs of solar installation and generation and the economic viability of utilities that will have to charge more and more for their services as less and less people consume as much energy from the grid. Mentions VOS as a possible compromise between the solar industry and utilities.
13 Apr
PV Valuation Methodology - Recommendations for Regulated Utilities in Iowa
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Iowa    
Author : Ben Norris, Clean Power Research
Adoption Year : 2016
Introduction Clean Power Research (CPR) was engaged by the Midwest Renewable Energy Association to develop a methodology for valuing distributed solar energy resources. Many studies have been performed by CPR and others over recent years to in which methodologies have been developed to perform these valuations. Distributed solar differs from conventional generation in several respects. First, it is not dispatchable and therefore requires a means for evaluating its “effective” capacity to put it on a comparable economic footing with in-market
13 Apr
PURPA blends net metering potential with community solar
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @Federal    
Author : Felicity Carus
Adoption Year : 2013
Article recalling PURPA, and detailing how it could be applied to help evaluate solar valuation
13 Apr
Proposed Solar Standard is Cheap Compared to Minnesota Utilities’ Rate Increases
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : John Farrell, Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Adoption Year : 2013
Article supporting the Minnesota VOS bill and providing counterarguments to those saying it would be more expensive than current utility rates
13 Apr
Power Grab: San Antonio’s CPS Looks to Eliminate Net Metering
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Opposition Item    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Annie Lappe, Greentech Media
Adoption Year : 2013
Article that summarizes the CPS plan to eliminate net metering
13 Apr
Our Turn: the truth about net-metering
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : New Hampshire    
Author : Kate Epsen and Dick Norman
Adoption Year : 2016
This article talks about the benefits and controversies of net-metering, both at a small residential system level and the larger hydro-power or solar systems used by municipal, commercial, and industrial level. Two of the main questions addressed in this article is how do we fairly value the renewable credits generated by these system and how do we calculate what customers should pay for those services?
13 Apr
NV Energy CEO: Solar Has Gotten a "Free Ride" On the Grid
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Opposition Item    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Nevada    
Author : Herman Trabish
Adoption Year : 2013
Debate between NV Energy CEO and Karl Rábago on how to value solar PV; more space given to the anti-VOS argument, and some fear-mongering about the wrong people paying for solar involved.
13 Apr
New California Net Metering Study Appears to be DOA
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Herman Trabish
Adoption Year : 2013
Article on utility and solar interest group dissatisfaction with the findings of a new report on net metering. Spin given from both sides of the discussion.
13 Apr
Nearly Half of Western US Power Plants Vulnerable to Climate Change
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @National    
Author : Katherine Tweed
Adoption Year : 2015
This article discusses the results of a new study conducted by Arizona State University on the effects of climate change stream flow, air and water temperature, humidity and air density. It is expected that mid-century, nearly half of existing capacity operating in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council, which spans 14 states, could be adversely affected to some degree.
13 Apr
Minn Value of Solar Process Confirms that Net Metering is A Fair Deal
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Rick Gilliam
Adoption Year : 2014
Applauds the forward thinking MN PUC, but expresses reservations about using VOS in place of net metering and not together or as an alternative
13 Apr
Mississippi Continues to struggle with net metering policy
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Mississippi    
Author : Robert Walton
Adoption Year : 2015
The Mississippi Public Service Commission has extended the comment period regarding proposed net metering rules, and it is unclear when a vote will be taken, the Associated Press reports. Mississippi is one of five states with no net metering policy, and has been struggling with the issue since 2011. A proposed rule would cap net metering participation at 3%, though utilities want a more stringent limit; a study completed last year showed the state's residents would benefit under almost any net metering scenario.
13 Apr
Net Metering in Mississippi, Costs, Benefits, and Policy Considerations
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Mississippi    
Author : Elizabeth A. Stanton, Joseph Daniel, Tommy Vitolo, Pat Knight, David White, Geoff Keith (Synapse Energy Economics Inc.)
Adoption Year : 2014
At its December 7, 2010 Open Meeting, the Mississippi Public Service Commission voted to open docket 2011-AD-2 in order to investigate establishing and implementing net metering and interconnection standards for Mississippi. Mississippi is one of only a few states that do not have some sort of net metering policy for their distribution companies. In this report we describe a potential net metering policy for Mississippi and the issues surrounding it, focusing on residential and commercial rooftop solar. Two vertically integrated investor-owned
13 Apr
Minnesota's solar requirement could change how we see electrical grid
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Stephanie Hemphill
Adoption Year : 2013
Article explaining the discussion over the value of solar, using Minnesota as an example of where utilities are working to get it right, thanks to a new energy standard that requires a percentage of their generated energy comes from solar panels
13 Apr
Minnesota's New (Standard Offer) Solar Energy Standard
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : John Farrell
Adoption Year : 2013
"Architect" of Minnesota's new solar energy standard explains how it works, and how it is good for solar and for customers. Helpful charts and VOS discussion included.
13 Apr
Minnesota's new solar law: Looking beyond percentages
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Dan Haugen
Adoption Year : 2013
Article discussing the newly signed into law energy act, its benefits and costs, and what parties are happy about it. Specifically references "Net Metering 2.0"
13 Apr
Minnesota to ask: What is the value of solar power?
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Dan Haugen
Adoption Year : 2013
Follow-up article on the new energy act, and all of its benefits to ratepayers and utilities, also weighing the perceived costs
13 Apr
Minnesota solar gets new boost from lawmakers
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Stephanie Hemphill
Adoption Year : 2013
Article detailing the various solar initiatives being contemplated in Minnesota
13 Apr
Minnesota lawmakers consider rate-based solar power incentives
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : David Shaffer, Star Tribune
Adoption Year : 2013
Article on the Minnesota state House Energy Policy Committee hearing testimony on whether or not to mandate the "Value of Solar" rate
13 Apr
Minnesota HF773
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Minnesota House of Representatives
Adoption Year : 2013
Proposed bill establishing a value of solar rate in the state of Minnesota (now dead)
13 Apr
Minn. tries to put a climate value on rooftop solar
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Peter Behr
Adoption Year : 2014
Even-keeled assessment of arguments for and against the VOS tariff being proposed in Minnesota in January 2014
13 Apr
Minn. Regulators set to decide on solar tariff formula
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Policy Positions    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Jeffrey Tomich
Adoption Year : 2014
Article covering the impending decision on MN's VOS methodology, talking about the contrast and breadth of opinions
13 Apr
Mike Rothman Commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Commerce Before The Senate Energy Subcommittee
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Mike Rothman
Adoption Year : 2014
Testimony of MN state official in a Senate Energy Subcommittee hearing explaining the Value of Solar Tariff methodology employed in the state, and its benefits.
13 Apr
Michigan PSC - DTE Rate Case - Testimony - Rábago
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Michigan    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago), Environmental Law and Policy Center
Adoption Year : 2013
The testimony addresses deficiencies in the Detroit Edison Company’s ("the Company") Renewable Energy Plan ("REP") related to distributed solar. The author identifies a major analytical weakness underlying the Plan and the Company’s approach to distributed solar energy -- the Company fails to recognize the value of distributed solar. The testimony proposes that the Company improve and increase market opportunities for distributed solar technology in its service territory through adoption of improved program approaches, program expansion, improv
13 Apr
Lower Cost Solar - A Utility-Scale Fig Leaf For An Outdated Monopoly Model
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : John Farrell
Adoption Year : 2015
Responding to a piece in the Wall Street Journal by Brian Potts, John Farrell refutes arguments that solar is not cost-effective and valuable to the utility, and argues that it is actually the natural monopoly we allowed the utility to become that is untenable in our evolving system.
13 Apr
Lessons From the First Year of Xcel Energy's Community Solar Program
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Allen Gleckner
Adoption Year : 2015
This article discusses a status update of Xcel Energy's community solar program.
13 Apr
Is solar worth $0.33 per kWh? Inside Maine's valuation debate
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2015
Commentary about Maine's study that found that solar's real and whole value may be over $0.33 per kilowatt-hour (kWh).
13 Apr
In California, a Campaign to Take Transmission Charges Out of Distributed Energy
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Jeff St. John
Adoption Year : 2015
This article tackles the question why DERs in California are paying for access to a transmission grid if they don't use it? Under California's current transmission access charge (TAC), 3 cents per kilowatt-hour is added to the 20-year leveled cost of energy in the state to pay for transmission projects. The state's big IOUs base their TAC on the total amount of power consumed at their customer's meter, which means that the TAC does not take into consideration how distributed energy reduces the need for new transmission investments. Clean Coalit
13 Apr
In bid against gas, Minnesota regulators say solar can proceed
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Dan Haugen
Adoption Year : 2014
Solar project beat out natural gas options in RFP. Article discusses Xcel Energy's reservations and the regulatory climate in MN that made this possible
13 Apr
If 'value of solar' is optional, will Minnesota utilities adopt it?
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Ken Paulman
Adoption Year : 2014
Outlines the findings of John Farrell's report, indicating that utilities will in fact opt to use the VOS rate, because of the long-term stability, but discusses possible ways they could drive the rate down
13 Apr
Economic Effects of Distributed PV Generation on California's Distribution System
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Technology    
State : California    
Author : M.A. Cohen, P.A. Kauzmann, D.S. Callaway
Adoption Year : 2015
The economic value of distributed photovoltaic (PV) electricity is affected both by its correlation with transmission level energy prices and by a host of effects it may have on distribution systems. In this study we combine detailed physical simulation of distribution circuits with budgetary information provided by Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) to estimate PV's value with respect avoided transmission-level energy expenditures, avoided distribution system capacity upgrades, and increased expenditures to manage voltage magnitudes. We find that f
13 Apr
How Should Distributed Generation be Distributed?
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Technology    
State : @National    
Author : Meredith Fowlie
Adoption Year : 2015
Discussing the technical function of solar PV, pricing mechanisms, and how it should be apportioned on the grid (residential v. utility v. third party)
13 Apr
Green energy offers respite to job hunters amid oil sector layoffs
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : @International    
Author : Jacob Gronholt-Pedersen
Adoption Year : 2015
Discussion of the growth of the renewable energy job sector abroad
13 Apr
Governor Sandoval Gambling His Vice Presidential Chances Away with Anti-Solar Records
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Nevada    
Author : Sarah Wolfe
Adoption Year : 2015
Article on Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval's drop in support both in Nevada and as a potential Presidential VP candidate after voters learned about his lack of leadership role in protecting solar jobs and promoting solar energy.
13 Apr
Future of U.S. Solar Risk in Net-Metering Suppression
Wednesday, April 13, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @National    
Author : Nicola Groom, Reuters
Adoption Year : 2016
This article discusses the re-consideration of Net-Metering policies in 25 states because of the declining prices of solar panels and the effect it is having on solar providers.
09 Apr
Expanded Solar Development Would Save North Carolina Ratepayers $26 M Annually
Saturday, April 9, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : North Carolina    
Author : Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA)
Adoption Year : 2013
New study by SEIA and Vote Solar uses VOS analysis to show the benefits of expanding solar market and installation in North Carolina.
09 Apr
EEI and NRDC Closer to Getting It Right On Net Metering
Saturday, April 9, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Peter Kelly-Detwiler
Adoption Year : 2014
Post pointing out that EEI and NRDC's thinking on how to value solar power was almost to the point of VOS while still calling it net metering; features Karl Rábago explaining VOS.
08 Apr
The Future of Solar Energy
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Opposition Item    Technology    
State : @National    
Author : Energy Initiative - Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Adoption Year : 2015
This study examines the current state of U.S. solar electricity generation, the several technological approaches that have been and could be followed to convert sunlight to electricity, and the market and policy environments the solar industry has faced. Our objective is to assess solar energy’s current and potential competitive position and to identify changes in U.S. government policies that could more efficiently and effectively support the industry’s robust, long-term growth.
08 Apr
Curtailing Energy During ‘Peak Power Hour’ Reduces Next Year’s Rates
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Linda Hardesty
Adoption Year : 2013
Article introducing a method that can be used to discover the peak power hour: the Joule Peak Power Index
08 Apr
Pathway to a 21st Century Electric Utility
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Peter Kind, Energy Infrastructure Advocates LLC
Adoption Year : 2015
Utilities do an excellent job of? what they are mandated to do— provide safe, reliable and affordable energy. Utilities are not going away, because we require them to operate the electric grid, so why not expand the scope of their mandate to manage an environment in which consumers use energy and electricity more efficiently to create customer value and optimize the electricity system for the benefit of all? In this environment, utilities will be incented to maximize customer and system value, as opposed to simply building infrastructure. Gi
08 Apr
Disruptive Challenges: Financial Implications and Strategic Responses to a Changing Retail Electric Business
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Peter Kind at Energy Infrastructure Advocates for Edison Electric Institute
Adoption Year : 2013
This paper considers the financial risks and investor implications related to disruptive challenges, the potential strategic responses to these challenges, and the likely investor expectations to utility plans going forward. There are valuable lessons to be learned from other industries, as well as prior utility sector paradigm shifts, that can assist us in exploring risks and potential strategic responses.
08 Apr
Cost of rooftop solar panels disproportionately impacts the poor
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Opposition Item    
State : @National    
Author : Antoine Abou-Diwan
Adoption Year : 2014
Points out success of group installing solar for low-income households, but also states that households that don't get solar panels will have to pay for the cost of others' installations
08 Apr
Community solar farms can work for neighborhoods
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : Rob Ellis
Adoption Year : 2015
Article about the benefits that solar could bring to Maine. In particular, the article focuses on the benefits of community solar farms.
08 Apr
Community Solar and Value of Solar
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2015
Blog post by Karl Rábago discussing how VOS fits with community or shared solar.
08 Apr
Buffet: Wind and Solar Power Competition Challenges Utilities
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Tax Issues    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Jim Polson and Mark Chediak
Adoption Year : 2016
This article focuses on the annual letter that Warren Buffet, chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, Inc., wrote to his shareholders. In that letter, Buffet discusses "how tax credits and other government-mandated help for renewables might erode the economics of incumbent utility, particularly if it is high-cost operator."
08 Apr
Bobby Kennedy on GDP: 'measures everything except that which is worthwhile'
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Simon Rogers
Adoption Year : 2013
Excerpt from a speech Bobby Kennedy gave on GDP and valuation in 1968
08 Apr
Blacking out America would be a cinch, because there's not enough distributed solar
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Technology    
State : @National    
Author : John Upton
Adoption Year : 2014
Highlights a major cost of having a centralized grid: susceptibility to attack resulting in long-term blackouts
08 Apr
Biden Calls Out Special-Interest Groups for Stifling Solar Market Growth
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Julia Pyper
Adoption Year : 2015
Using Vice President Joe Biden's speech as a back drop, this article discusses the different solar PV initiatives undertaken by the Obama administration.
08 Apr
Beyond net-metering: How location can help put a price on DER
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2016
This article discusses the introduction of value of study studies and how different states are progressing in the debate of whether retail rates net-metering should still be used.
08 Apr
Beyond fixed charges: 'Disruptive Challenges' author charts new utility path
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Herman K. Trabish
Adoption Year : 2015
This article does a comparison of Peter Kind's 2013 paper, Disruptive Challenges, and his 2015 paper, Pathways to a 21st Century Utility. In his 2013 paper, Kind encouraged the utility sector to response to disruption of distributed energy resources by coming up with techniques to preserve their revenue streams. In his 2015 paper, Kind promotes the a sector that is more nimble and competitive, likely made up of smaller utilities.
08 Apr
Austin Value of Energy Solar Programs
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Policy Positions    
State : Texas    
Author : Debbie Kimberly, Austin Energy
Adoption Year : 2014
Slide deck showing a recap of cost savings and installation from 2013, VOS implementation and results, and projections and future challenges to be faced in 2014 by Austin Energy and Texas.
08 Apr
Attorneys: Using Solar Tariffs to Replace Net Metering Could Create Tax Headaches
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Tax Issues    
State : Arizona    
Author : Herman Trabish
Adoption Year : 2013
Discusses all opinions on Arizona's plan to allow for zeroed out bills for solar customers and feed-in tariffs/VOS tariff. Several well-respected law firms side with utilities, saying that it will create tax problems for non-solar customers
08 Apr
Shining Rewards - The Value of Rooftop Solar Power for Consumers and Society
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Lindsey Hallock, Frontier Group; Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center
Adoption Year : 2015
Analysis of 11 studies on the benefits and costs of solar and concludes that net metering is fair way to compensate solar owners for the value they provide.
08 Apr
As net metering debate continues, report shows benefits of solar energy far outweigh costs
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Ben Hellerstein
Adoption Year : 2015
This post discusses the report, "Shining Rewards: The Value of Rooftop solar Power for Consumers and Society," which analyzed 11 studies on the benefits and costs of solar and concludes that net metering is fair way to compensate solar owners for the value they provide.
08 Apr
As Net Metering Battles Move to Small Markets, Solar Advocates Claim Early Victories
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @National    Minnesota    
Author : Stephen Lacey
Adoption Year : 2014
Uses example of Minnesota as spot where VOS is winning, and looks to other nationwide battles to show the "chess match" occurring between utilities and solar advocates
08 Apr
As California Loses Hydro Resources to Drought, Large-Scale Solar Fills In the Gap
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Tax Issues    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Stephen Lacey
Adoption Year : 2015
Large increase in the amount of large-scale solar production in California, surpassing "reliable sources" like geothermal and biomass, fortunately accounting for the reduction in hydro production. Article also notes an increase in solar PPAs entered in anticipation of the FTC expiration in 2017, many of which were mega-projects.
08 Apr
APS - solar industry at odds on value of power from rooftop units
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Arizona    
Author : Ryan Randazzo
Adoption Year : 2013
Article comparing the studies on value of solar produced by the solar industry and the Arizona Public Service Co.
08 Apr
Appraising into the Sun: Six-State Solar Home Paired-Sale Analysis
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    California    Florida    Maryland    North Carolina    Oregon    Pennsylvania    
Author : Sandra Adomatis and Ben Hoen
Adoption Year : 2016
Abstract: Although residential solar photo-voltaic (PV) installations have proliferated, PV systems on some U.S. homes still receive no value during an appraisal because comparable home sales are lacking. To value residential PV, some previous studies have employed paired-sales appraisal methods to analyze large samples. Our first-of-its-kind study connects the two approaches. It uses appraisal methods to evaluate sale price premiums for owned PV systems on single-unit detached houses that were also evaluated in a large statistical study. Indep
08 Apr
America's Power Plan: The top 5 trends in the US energy transformation
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Sonia Aggarwal
Adoption Year : 2015
This article is a list of the top developments and lessons in the energy system transition. Number four on the list discusses the value-of-solar tariffs and successful rate reform, which allows for the full value of benefits provided by distributed energy.
08 Apr
America's Great Solar Boom - In 6 Encouraging Charts
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Ben Schiller
Adoption Year : 2014
Broad, big picture look at the overall cost viability and ease of access of solar generation to customers across the country. Pulls graphics from a report from the Union of Concerned Scientists
08 Apr
Maine Value of Solar Study
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Maine    
Author : Maine Public Utilities Commission
Adoption Year : 2015
During its 2014 session, the Maine Legislature enacted an Act to Support Solar Energy Development in Maine. P.L Chapter 562 (April 24, 2014) (codified at 35-A M.R.S. §§ 3471-3473) (“Act”). Section 2 of the Act required the Public Utilities Commission (Commission) to determine the value of distributed solar energy generation in the State, evaluate implementation options, and to deliver a report to the Legislature. For the project, the Commission developed the value of solar methodology through a mediated stakeholder review process, conducted
08 Apr
A rational look at the value of solar: Comparison of value of solar studies can often be misleading
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Ben Norris
Adoption Year : 2016
Norris, in his op-ed, discusses the arguments for and against using VOS studies. Norris argues that when looking at VOS study results, which can be drastically different, the question is not whether VOS studies is a valid way of evaluating costs and benefits. Rather, the important questions 1) What should the preferred framework of VOS studies be?; 2) What cost and benefit categories should be included?; 3) Are the underlying data publicly available and the calculation methods transparent enough to be repeatable by other parties? As support, N
08 Apr
5 top ideas for Energy Policy – what will drive a transition?
Friday, April 8, 2016
Resource Type : Blog Post
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Heather Smith
Adoption Year : 2015
Heather Smith's post about what she believes are the five key domains that will drive the energy transition. These domains include: 1) ultra local price incentives; 2) shared control over decision making; 3) investing in innovation; 4) making information available and well used; and 5) having a long term strategy where community energy is recognized and supported as a permanent feature of our energy transition.
05 Apr
Value of Solar in Utah
Tuesday, April 5, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Utah    
Author : Benjamin L. Norris, Clean Power Research
Adoption Year : 2014
Utah Clean Energy contracted with Clean Power Research (CPR) in 2013 to estimate the Value of Solar™ (“VOS”) in Utah for the territory served by Rocky Mountain Power (RMP).
05 Apr
Net Metering Is the Solar Industry’s Junk Food
Tuesday, April 5, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Tom Konrad, Greentech Media (GTM)
Adoption Year : 2016
It’s time for the solar industry to grapple with what “doing good” actually means, argues Tom Konrad.
04 Apr
50 States of Solar - 2015 Policy Review - Q4 Quarterly Report
Monday, April 4, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center, Meister Consultants Group
Adoption Year : 2015
The purpose of this report is to provide state lawmakers and regulators, electric utilities, the solar industry, and other energy stakeholders with timely, accurate, and unbiased updates on how states are choosing to study, adopt, implement, amend, or discontinue policies associated with distributed solar photovoltaics (PV). This report catalogues proposed and enacted legislative, regulatory policy, and rate design changes affecting the value proposition of distributed solar PV during the most recent quarter, with an emphasis on the residential
31 Mar
Distributed Generation Whitepaper
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Adoption Year : 2007
Defines DG, discusses applications, and goes through the regulatory and technical background behind the concept.
31 Mar
MIT: Solar should ditch net metering, fight for federal tax incentives
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Opposition Item    
State : @Federal    
Author : Herman K. Trabish at Utility Dive
Adoption Year : 2015
This article briefly mentions a part of the MIT report on the future of solar energy and gives its insight.  The article states seemingly supports the idea of thin-film technologies.  It states they could be made from earth-abundant materials to produce higher-efficiency, lower cost, lighter-weight modules to help overcome current barriers such as high balance of system costs.
31 Mar
Update Value of Solar for Austin Energy
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Tom Hoff
Adoption Year : 2011
PowerPoint presentation on the value of solar and distributed PV
31 Mar
Understanding Cost-Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency
Adoption Year : 2008
This paper reviews the issues and approaches involved in considering and adopting cost-effectiveness tests for energy efficiency, including discussing each perspective represented by the five standard cost-effectiveness tests and clarifying key terms.
31 Mar
Value of Grid-Connected Photovoltaics in Michigan
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Michigan    
Author : Sean Ong
Adoption Year : 2012
In recent years, Michigan has seen an increase in grid-connected photovoltaics (PV), with 1.9 MW installed in 2010, bringing the total grid-connected PV capacity to 2.6 MW.  As solar technologies become more prominent in Michigan’s electric generation portfolio, it is increasingly important to understand the value it provides to the state’s electric utilities and citizens. This white paper study estimates the value of PV generation in Michigan by comparing hourly solar generation with hourly electricity prices from specific years. This study al
31 Mar
Value of Distributed Solar Electric Generation to San Antonio
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Nic Jones (Solar San Antonio) and Ben Norris (Clean Power Research)
Adoption Year : 2013
This report presents an analysis of value provided by grid-connected, distributed PV in San Antonio from a utility perspective.
31 Mar
Value of Solar Rate - Designing An Improved Residential Solar Tariff
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2013
Published article proposing a new approach to designing the solar rate
31 Mar
Value of Distributed Solar Electric Generation to New Jersey and Pennsylvania
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New Jersey    Pennsylvania    
Author : Richard Perez, Benjamin L. Norris, Thomas E. Hoff (Clean Power Research)
Adoption Year : 2012
This report presents an analysis of value provided by grid-connected, distributed PV in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
31 Mar
Value of Distributed Photovoltaics to Austin Energy and the City of Austin
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Clean Power Research LLC, Karl Rábago (Rabago), Leslie Libby, Tim Harvey, Benjamin Norris, Thomas Hoff
Adoption Year : 2016
Austin Energy plans to offer residential customers a new solar net metering tariff based on the value of solar energy generated from distributed photovoltaic (PV) systems in the grid to the utility in place of traditional net metering. Austin Energy worked with Clean Power Research (CPR) to employ the algorithms from a utility value calculator to design the solar tariff. A rebate structure was also designed in order to ensure that customers still satisfy a key economic cost-effectiveness test and address first-cost barriers facing solar custome
31 Mar
Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate-Related Issues That May Impede Its Expansion
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @Federal    
Author : Secretary of Energy
Adoption Year : 2007
Report pursuant to Section 1817 of the EP Act of 2005 evaluating the viability of distributed generation as a source of energy for consumers, and using its history to explore this possibility
31 Mar
Impact of Different Economic Performance Metrics on the Perceived Value of Solar Photovoltaics
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Easan Drury, Paul Denholm, Robert Margolis (NREL)
Adoption Year : 2011
In this analysis, authors characterize PV economic performance for three ownership types: residential customers who purchase their own PV systems, commercial customers (for-profit companies) who purchase their own PV systems, and residential and commercial customers who lease PV equipment or buy PV electricity from a third-party company. They characterize the differences in PV economics for each customer based on the different tax implications of ownership.
31 Mar
Revisiting the Long-Term Hedge Value of Wind Power in an Era of Low Natural Gas Prices
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Mark Bolinger (LBNL)
Adoption Year : 2013
This article proceeds as follows. Section 2 makes the case for valuing wind power as a long-term natural gas price hedge by contrasting the characteristics of a large sample of wind power purchase agreements (“PPAs”) to the shortcomings of conventional gas price hedging instruments like futures and options contracts. Although these conventional hedging instruments can be used effectively to hedge gas price risk in the near-term, they come up short when one tries to use them to lock in prices over longer terms – e.g., over the average 20-year du
31 Mar
Research Paper Timeline
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Bibliography
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Clean Power
Adoption Year : 2013
A chronological listing of more than two decades of published research covering topics in solar prediction, economic evaluation and incentive program optimization.
31 Mar
Overview of Value of Solar Rate
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago), Rabago Energy LLC
Adoption Year : 2012
Fact Sheet on VOS
31 Mar
Net Metering: An issue paper of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Opposition Item    
State : @National    
Author : National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Adoption Year : 2012
This white paper answers several questions, such as: What is net metering? Why do so many states have net metering rules? Why are utilities concerned about net metering? What is aggregated net metering, community net metering? How can we gain the benefits of net metering without unfair cost shifting?
31 Mar
The Evolution of Net Metering, Utility Revenues, and Rate Design
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Ron Binz
Adoption Year : 2012
PowerPoint analyzing the place solar DG has in a market, and how to optimally implement it
31 Mar
Tax Revenue Protection Through Outage Risk Mitigation: The Value of Distributed PV to the Federal Government
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @Federal    
Author : Thomas Hoff, Christy Herig, and Lynne Gillette
Adoption Year : 2002
The existing electric system was not designed to withstand multiple terrorist acts. One solution is to protect the system. This, however, is likely to be prohibitively expensive and may not even be successful. . . . Distributed PV is one technology that could be used to make the system a less attractive target because distributed PV could withstand a simultaneous attack on both the electric and the natural gas systems.  A more secure electric grid will provide the federal government with revenue protection. This paper found that the economic va
31 Mar
Solar Rate Design Options - Customer Solar Electricity
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Chart detailing the features of the three different options for solar rate design
31 Mar
Solar Power Generation in the US: Too expensive, or a bargain?
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : Richard Perez, Ken Zweibel, Thomas E. Hoff
Adoption Year : 2011
This article identifies the combined value that solar electric power plants deliver to utilities’ rate payers and society’s tax payers. Benefits that are relevant to utilities and their rate payers include traditional, measures of energy and capacity. Benefits that are tangible to taxpayers include environmental, fuel price mitigation, outage risk protection, and long-term economic growth components. Results for the state of New York suggest that solar electric installations deliver between 15 to 40 cents per kWh to ratepayers and taxpayers.
31 Mar
Solar Integration Study for Public Service Company of Colorado
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Colorado    
Author : R.M. Zavadil, Jack King (EnerNex Corporation)
Adoption Year : 2009
This report documents the Company’s efforts and results of an investigation addressing the integration costs of intermittent solar generation integration costs for solar generation levels between 200 and 800 megawatts (MW) of solar nameplate capacity on the Public Service system. The analysis considered various solar generation technologies, natural gas pricing, and geographic location of solar generation facilities.
31 Mar
Solar Energy's Positive Impacts on the Electric System
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Georgia    
Author : Alden Hathaway
Adoption Year : 2008
PowerPoint presentation that discusses load factor and stabilizing electric rates with solar, and offers recommendations for utility regulators
31 Mar
Residential Solar Valuation Project
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago Energy LLC)
Adoption Year : 2012
PowerPoint presentation on solar energy's positive impacts on the electric system
31 Mar
Renewable Energy Integration Case Studies
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Technology    
State : California    Nevada    
Author : Joshua S. Stein Ph.D.
Adoption Year : 2011
PowerPoint presentation outlining the basic concepts of integration of variable generation, a review of recent and current studies on this, and defining next steps
31 Mar
Quantifying the Cost of High Photovoltaic Penetration
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Richard Perez, Thomas E. Hoff, Marc Perez
Adoption Year : 2010
This paper presents a methodology to quantify the cost of energy storage required to provide firm capacity on a utility power grid using a combination of energy produced by a specific generation source and storage.
31 Mar
Public Comment Letter of the Alliance for Solar Choice re Application of Arizona Public Service Company for Approval of Net Metering Cost Shift Solutions, Docket No. E-01345A-13-0248
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Legislation, Tariff, or Rule
Topic : Opposition Item    Tax Issues    
State : Arizona    
Author : The Alliance for Solar Choice
Adoption Year : 2013
A letter addressing the tax consequences of the Application of Arizona Public Service Company for Approval of Net Metering Cost Shift Solutions. The letter with attached memorandum confirms Arizona Public Service Company's requirement will essentially exchange federal tax credits for federal taxes, reversing the existing flow of money into Arizona. Moreover, payments received by an APS customer under the Company's proposal will likely increase the customer's taxable gross income. The Alliance for Solar Choice entered the memorandum into the
31 Mar
Power System Planning: Emerging Practices Suitable for Evaluating the Impact of High-Penetration Photovoltaics
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Technology    
State : @National    
Author : J. Bebic at GE Global Research
Adoption Year : 2008
This study explores the impact of high-penetration renewable generation on electric power system planning methodologies to address the technical and analytical challenges to the adoption of renewable distributed electric generation.  In particular, the study focuses on integration-related issues at the distribution level for PV technology since addressing integration issues is necessary for the long-term viability of distributed PV industry.
31 Mar
Photovoltaics Value Analysis
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : J.L. Contreras, L. Frantzis, S. Blazewicz, D. Pinault, and H. Sawyer (NREL)
Adoption Year : 2008
Study that addresses the technical and analytical challenges that must be addressed to enable high penetration levels of distributed renewable energy technologies.
31 Mar
Photovoltaic Capacity Valuation Methods
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Tom Hoff, Richard Perez, JP Ross, Mike Taylor
Adoption Year : 2008
Paper giving a background on the PV capacity methods and issues related to them, as well as a summary of the related workshop at the Solar Power 2007 conference.
31 Mar
New York Solar Study (separately posted) - Powerpoint Summary
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : NYSERDA
Adoption Year : 2012
PowerPoint presentation summarizing the main points of the New York Solar Study (separately posted)
31 Mar
New York Solar Study: An Analysis of the Benefits and Costs of Increasing Generation from Photovoltaic Devices in New York - Paper
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : NYSERDA
Adoption Year : 2012
Study evaluating the costs and benefits of increasing the use of solar PV in NYS to 5,000 MW by 2025, and providing findings and recommendations.
31 Mar
Nontechnical Barriers to Solar Energy Use: Review of Recent Literature
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : R. Margolis and J. Zuboy (NREL)
Adoption Year : 2006
Paper reviewing the nontechnical barriers to solar energy use, drawing on recent literature to help identify key barriers that could be addressed by the DOE.
31 Mar
Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Elizabeth Doris, Sarah Busche, and Stephen Hockett
Adoption Year : 2009
This study was conducted to compare Minnesota’s policies to national best practices. It provides an overview of the current Minnesota policy in the context of these best practices and other jurisdictions’ net metering policies, as well as a qualitative assessment of the impacts of raising the system size cap within the policy based on the experiences of other states. The report finds that increasing the cap may move the state toward its goal of providing the maximum possible encouragement to distributed generation assets, including a larger ave
31 Mar
Net Metering 2.0: The Value of Solar Tariff - Missouri Presentation
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Missouri    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago Energy LLC)
Adoption Year : 2013
PowerPoint presentation on VOS for the Missouri Solar Industries Association
31 Mar
Net Metering 2.0: The Value of Solar Tariff - General Presentation
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago Energy LLC)
Adoption Year : 2013
PowerPoint presentation on VOS framed for a webinar hosted by the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy
31 Mar
Moving Towards a More Comprehensive Framework to Evaluate Distributed Photovoltaics
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Thomas E. Hoff (Clean Power Research) and Robert M. Margolis (NREL)
Adoption Year : 2005
There is a growing interest in customer-owned generation with a particular interest in photovoltaic (PV) systems. This has resulted in a growing number of analytical studies aimed at determining their value. Two difficulties that these studies have encountered are how to select the proper evaluation perspective and which benefits and costs to include in the analysis. This paper presents a framework to perform a more comprehensive analysis. It frames the established Standard Practice Tests used for demand side management cost effectiveness e
31 Mar
Literature review summary for Vermont Act 125 Evaluation of Net Metering
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Vermont    
Author : Vermont Public Service Department
Adoption Year : 2012
Literature review of relevant studies and pieces
31 Mar
Interstate Renewable Energy Council: Unlocking DG Value: A PURPRA-Based Approach to State Policy Design
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Keyes, Fox & Wiedman LLP
Adoption Year : 2013
This paper explores the benefits that could be quantified and incorporated into the development of PURPA-based avoided cost rates, to more accurately value the energy contribution of distributed facilities that serve local load. A comprehensive PURPA-based approach to DG policy design would incorporate many as-yet-unrecognized benefits of exports to the distribution system, including: line-loss avoidance; the ability to make smaller capacity additions that more closely follow incremental load changes; the deferral or avoidance of utility capita
31 Mar
Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short-Term Variability of Solar Power
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Technology    
State : @National    
Author : Andrew Mills and Ryan Wiser - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)
Adoption Year : 2010
Study that analyzes wind and solar data to compare vulnerability of sites and variability of generation.
31 Mar
Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Production and Use
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Tax Issues    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @Federal    
Author : National Academy of Sciences
Adoption Year : 2010
The purpose of this study was to define and evaluate external effects of energy production, use, and consumption, which refer to costs and benefits not taken into account in making decisions (such as the siting of a power plant) or not reflected in market prices (for example, the price of gasoline at the pump). Under such conditions, the actions that follow might be suboptimal—in the sense that the full social costs of the actions are not recognized—resulting in a loss of social welfare. When market failures like these occur, there is a case fo
31 Mar
Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Paul R. Epstein, Jonathan J. Buonocore, Kevin Eckerle, Michael Hendryx, Benjamin M. Stout III, Richard Heinberg, Richard W. Clapp, Beverly May, Nancy L. Reinhart, Melissa M. Ahern, Samir K. Doshi, and Leslie Glustrom
Adoption Year : 2011
Each stage in the life cycle of coal—extraction, transport, processing, and combustion—generates a waste stream and carries multiple hazards for health and the environment. These costs are external to the coal industry and are thus often considered “externalities.” We estimate that the life cycle effects of coal and the waste stream generated are costing the U.S. public a third to over one-half of a trillion dollars annually. Many of these so-called externalities are, moreover, cumulative. Accounting for the damages conservatively doubles to tr
31 Mar
Exploring the Costs and Values of Distributed Energy Resources
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Lena Hansen, Virginia Lacy (RMI)
Adoption Year : 2012
PowerPoint presentation on the use of DER on the grid, including a literature review and gap identification exercise.
31 Mar
Evaluation of Net Metering in Vermont Conducted Pursuant to Act 125 of 2012
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Vermont    
Author : Vermont Public Service Department
Adoption Year : 2013
General evaluation of Vermont's net metering statute, rules, and procedures, and an examination of benefits and costs.
31 Mar
Evaluating the Benefits and Costs of Net Energy Metering in California
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : R. Thomas Beach & Patrick G. McGuire, Cross border Energy
Adoption Year : 2013
Prepared for The Vote Solar Initiative; paper that explores the recent claims by California's IOUs that the state's net energy metering (NEM) policy causes substantial cost shifts between energy customers with solar PV systems and other non-solar customers, particularly in the residential market. Concludes that the utilities' concerns with the impacts of NEM on non-participating ratepayers are unfounded.
31 Mar
Energy Efficiency Avoided Costs 2011 Update
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Brian Horii, Eric Cutter
Adoption Year : 2011
This technical memo describes the inputs and methods used to update the avoided costs for energy efficiency cost-effectiveness valuation for the 2014 through 2016 program cycle.
31 Mar
End the Utility Power Grab in California: Solar Customers Deserve Fair Credit with Net Metering
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Vote Solar Institute
Adoption Year : 2013
Fact Sheet on VOS benefits to California energy customers
31 Mar
Ditching Net Metering Is in the 'Best Interest' of Solar, Say MIT Economists
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Julia Pyper at Greentech Media
Adoption Year : 2015
This article highlighted a 332-page report by MIT on the future of solar energy.  The article focused on MIT's wary conclusions and rationale behind solar energy.  It stated solar energy is important to address climate change; however, growth in solar energy is not guaranteed.  One recommendation is to move away from net metering policies for distributed solar because distribution costs are eventually shifted onto utility customers who do not have solar energy resources.  While there are many reports that state this same conclusion, there are a
31 Mar
Distributed Solar Value Continuum
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago Energy LLC)
Adoption Year : 2013
PowerPoint slides on the distributed solar value continuum
31 Mar
Distributed Solar PV Value for Austin Energy Update - 2011
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Austin Energy
Adoption Year : 2011
PowerPoint providing updated information on the VoSS
31 Mar
Distributed Solar PV Value for Austin Energy Update - 2008
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Austin Energy
Adoption Year : 2008
PowerPoint providing updated information on the VoSS
31 Mar
Distributed Renewable Generation: The Trifecta of Energy Solutions to Curb Carbon Emissions, Reduce Pollutants and Empower Ratepayers
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : News Article
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @Federal    
Author : Shannon Baker-Branstetter at Georgetown University Law Center
Adoption Year : 2010
The article discusses the numerous economic and environmental advantages to renewable resources over fossil fuels.  In addition, the article addresses two major hurdles in the way of developing renewable resources for electricity generation: cost and the administrative burdens of transmission expansion to bridge the distance between where renewables are located and where electricity is needed.  Specifically, the article discusses distributed renewable generation produced on-site or nearby to where electricity is consumed. It also describes the
31 Mar
Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study for Arizona Public Service
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Arizona    
Author : R.W. Beck Inc, Energized Solutions LLC, Phasor Energy Company Inc, Summit Blue Consulting LLC
Adoption Year : 2009
Study evaluating the costs and benefits to the Arizona Public Service from solar distributed energy technologies.
31 Mar
Distributed PV: too expensive? Or a bargain?
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : New York    
Author : Richard Perez, Tom Hoff
Adoption Year : 2011
PowerPoint presentation evaluating the use of solar PV in New York
31 Mar
Distributed Generation Study
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Nevada    
Author : Navigant Consulting, Inc.
Adoption Year : 2010
The Public Utilities Commission of Nevada (PUCN) issued a draft Compliance Order to determine how Distributed Generation (DG) can impact NV Energy’s energy delivery system performance, reliability, distribution operations, and electricity rates.  As a result of its significant experience examining DG integration on utility systems in Nevada and the U.S., Navigant Consulting, Inc. (Navigant) was selected by NV Energy to conduct a study to address:  What is the “maximum amount of DG from renewable energy that can be integrated on the distribution
31 Mar
Distributed Energy Resource Cost-Value Framework
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Rocky Mountain Institute e-Lab
Adoption Year : 2013
Framework document providing clarity and consistency to the industry around the costs and values of distributed energy resources.
31 Mar
Distributed Energy and Net Metering Technical Conference: Arizona
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : Arizona    
Author : Power Pundits LLC
Adoption Year : 2013
The Arizona Corporation Commission ordered the Arizona Public Service to conduct multi-session technical conference to evaluate the costs and benefits of the Distributed Renewable Energy and Net Metering as part of the Arizona Public Service Company Renewable Standard 2013 Implementation Plan.  The Agenda for the workshop was stated as follows: discuss opportunities for alignment, energy subsidies, solar value studies from around the US, and SAIC's distributed energy model and analysis
31 Mar
Data Not Drama: Evaluating the Benefits and Costs of Net Energy Metering
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Crossborder Energy
Adoption Year : 2013
PowerPoint detailing a cost-benefit study on net metering in California
31 Mar
Introductory Presentation to the Value of Solar
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Presentation or Speech
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago
Adoption Year : 2016
Introductory presentation to the Value of Solar - March 31, 2016
31 Mar
Introductory Article to the Value of Solar
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Karl Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2013
The Value of Solar Tariff: Net Metering 2.0 Increasing numbers of customers are installing solar photovoltaic systems on their homes and businesses. As module and system costs decline, customer demand grows, and more businesses organize around the solar opportunity, it is time to revisit the tariff structure under which these systems integrate with and operate on the electric grid. This article details a novel approach to a distributed solar tariff, called the “Value of Solar” tariff (“VOST”), that addresses important utility and customer issu
31 Mar
Costs and Benefits of Distributed Solar Generation of the Public Service Company of Colorado System
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Colorado    
Author : Public Service Company of Colorado and the Colorado Governor's Energy Office
Adoption Year : 2010
Study investigating and documenting winning business cases for utility ownership and examples of cost recovery of DSG investments.
31 Mar
Cost-Effectiveness of Net Energy Metering: Building Off to DSM Cost-Effectiveness Practices
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Utah    
Author : Tim Woolf, Synapse Energy Economics
Adoption Year : 2014
PowerPoint providing an overview of the DSM cost-effectiveness tests, how the tests could be applied to NEM, how to account for the impacts on non-participants, and applying the same framework to other NEM policies.
31 Mar
CPUC Self-Generation Incentive Program: Cost-Effectiveness of Distributed Generation Technologies - Final Report
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Itron, Inc.
Adoption Year : 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of distributed generation technologies using an economic model based on the adopted cost-benefit methodology. These results were to provide the framework and a model to help the California Public Utilities Commission in identifying distributive generation technologies eligible for the Self-Generation Incentive Program. Distributive Generation cost-effectiveness is examined from the perspectives of society, participants, and Program Administrators.
31 Mar
Continuing Developments in PV Risk Management: Strategies, Solutions, and Implications
Thursday, March 31, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    
Author : Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, Bethany Speer, and Roger Hill
Adoption Year : 2013
As the PV industry matures, successful risk management practices will become increasingly important to ensure investor confidence, control costs, and facilitate further growth. This study discusses several key aspects of risk management during the commercial- and utility-scale project life cycle, from identification of risks, to the process of mitigating and allocating those risks among project parties, to transferring those risks through insurance. The study also explores novel techniques in PV risk management, options to offload risks onto th
30 Mar
Comparison of Benefits and Costs, Utility Electricity and Customer Solar Electricity
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
Resource Type : Tool or Handout
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : @National    Colorado    
Author : Karl R. Rábago (Rabago)
Adoption Year : 2014
Chart comparing benefits and costs of utility electricity v. customer solar electricity
30 Mar
California Solar Initiative Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Net Energy Metering    Opposition Item    Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Energy and Environmental Economics, Inc.
Adoption Year : 2011
The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) retained Energy and Environmental Economics, Inc. (E3) to perform a cost-effectiveness evaluation of the California Solar Initiative (CSI) in accordance with the CSI Program Evaluation Plan. This evaluation of the CSI program is one component of a larger contract award and analysis plan that also includes cost-effectiveness evaluation of Net Energy Metering (NEM), completed by E3 in January 2010, and a comparative distributed generation (DG) analysis, to be completed by E3 in 2011. Three distinc
30 Mar
Austin Energy Residential Rate Description
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Austin Energy
Adoption Year : 2012
Explains the residential rate options for customers who receive electric service, including a section on those who operate an interconnected on-site solar PV system
30 Mar
Assessing Minnesota's Solar Resource: Revenue Implications of Solar PV System Orientation and Rate Structure
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    Technology    
State : Minnesota    
Author : Solar Cities Minneapolis Saint Paul
Adoption Year : 2011
This paper examines the revenue implications of various system orientations and rate structures for commercial-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) systems co-located with a building load.  This study uses several modeling tools developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to model PV system revenue for a single system in Minnesota modeled with six different orientations and with each orientation exposed to five different rate structures. The rate structures examined include several rates currently available from the utility territory
30 Mar
An Evaluation of Solar Valuation Methods Used in Utility Planning and Procurement Processes
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : California    
Author : Andrew Mills and Ryan Wiser (Berkeley Lab)
Adoption Year : 2012
This report reviews a recent sample of U.S. load-serving entity (LSE) planning studies and procurement processes to identify how current practices reflect the drivers of solar’s economic value. In particular, it analyzes the LSE’s treatment of the capacity value, energy value, and integration costs of solar energy; the transmission and distribution system, and options that might mitigate solar variability and uncertainty; the methods LSEs use to design candidate portfolios of resources for evaluation within the studies; and the approaches LSEs
30 Mar
An Effective Load Carrying Capability Analysis for Estimating the Capacity Value of Solar Generation Resources on the Public Service Company of Colorado System
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Colorado    
Author : Xcel Energy Services, Inc.
Adoption Year : 2009
Analysis evaluating the effective load carrying capacity for solar resources in the state of Colorado.
30 Mar
A Generalized Approach to Assessing the Rate Impacts of Net Energy Metering
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
Resource Type : Research or Whitepaper
Topic : Net Energy Metering    
State : @National    
Author : Jason B. Keyes, Joseph F. Wiedman (Interstate Renewable Energy Council)
Adoption Year : 2012
Report providing a methodology by which to analyze the potential rate impacts of net energy metering (NEM), a generalized approach for any state or utility to use to analyze the potential rate impact of NEM in its area.
30 Mar
2014 Value of Solar at Austin Energy
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
Resource Type : VOS Study or Benefit Cost Analysis
Topic : Valuation, Analysis, BCA    
State : Texas    
Author : Clean Power Research
Adoption Year : 2013
The objective was to calculate and discuss the long-term value of solar for Austin Energy as input for the basis of a rate offered to customers because Austin Energy received national recognition as leaders of value of solar and tariffs. Rebates and societal benefits were not included in the analysis.