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Eliminating Barriers to Transit-Oriented Development

New Jersey
Urban | Suburban |
In New Jersey, two of the main barriers to implementing Transit Oriented Development (TOD) are community concern about new development potentially causing parking problems and increased traffic and negative fiscal impacts due to increased school enrollment. In order to determine if those concerns were warranted, this report studied differences between households located within a half mile radius of ten selected rail stations in New Jersey and those located in the nearby region. This report compared auto use, auto ownership, parking use, and school enrollment of residents of new housing near rail stations with those of households living in older housing near rail stations and in both new and older housing farther away. The study used literature review, structured interviews, and household surveys to compile the data they analyzed. The policy implications identified by this study are that local land use policies near rail stations should take into account lower school enrollment impacts of housing there, substantially reduced auto use and ownership in high density and rental housing when considering policies for high density development, and that both on-street and off-street parking policies should be reformed to maximize the potential of TOD.