Welcome to the Gaining Ground Information Database!

A research library intended to be Ground Control for practical and scholarly explorations of innovative land use laws, policies, and practices.

The Land Use Law Center's Gaining Ground Information Database is a free and ever-expanding online database featuring best practice models used by government to control the use of land in the public interest. It includes a collection of federal, state, and local ordinances; commentaries; research papers; research aids; and much more.

Want us to list your program? If you have an exemplary local policy or regulation that you would like us to consider posting on the Database, let us know! Email: landuse@law.pace.edu

Recently Uploaded Resources

07 Jan
Village of Westfield Zoning Code § 155-57 Solar Systems; Solar Zoning; Solar Access
Date Added: Sunday, January 7, 2018
Solar Energy, Zoning    
New York
Municipal
The Village of Westfield’s supplemental zoning regulations regulates the use of active and passive solar energy systems. Westfield’s solar regulation requires special permits to authorize the placement of a solar electric system on an owner’s property. After a system’s owner obtains this permit, adjoining property owners must obtain a special permit prior to placing buildings, towers, vegetation, or other possible obstructions of the permitted system’s solar access. The regulation specifies that placement of potential obstructions “shall be suc.. Read More
07 Jan
City of Fort Collins Code § 3.2.3(E)(1) - Solar Access Regulations; Solar Zoning
Date Added: Sunday, January 7, 2018
Solar Energy, Zoning    
Colorado
Municipal
The City of Fort Collins, Colorado adopted solar access, orientation, and shading provisions in its site plan regulations. These provisions require an applicant to locate and design all physical elements in the development plan so that they accommodate active and/or passive solar installations to the extent reasonably feasible. Subsection [C] requires at least 65 percent of lots less than 15,000 square feet in area in single- and two-family residential developments to conform to the regulatory definition of “solar-oriented lot” to preserve the .. Read More
07 Jan
Town of Gorham Land Use and Development Code § 1A-4[A][4]- Solar Access; Solar Zoning
Date Added: Sunday, January 7, 2018
Solar Energy, Zoning    
Maine
Municipal
The Town of Gorham’s density bonus provisions provide a maximum density bonus of 25% over the allowable base density for residential and nonresidential uses in planned unit developments (PUD) in exchange for public amenities, including solar access and energy efficient design, layout, and construction. To qualify for a bonus of 5 percent above the allowable base density, a PUD may provide solar access to 40 percent of the dwelling units and ensure through appropriate deed restrictions that dwelling units will utilize solar energy systems for wa.. Read More
07 Jan
City of Issaquah Landscape & Tree Preservation Regulations - Solar Access; Solar Zoning
Date Added: Sunday, January 7, 2018
Solar Energy, Zoning    
Washington
Municipal
The City of Issaquah’s tree preservation provisions authorizes the approval authority to grant a tree removal permit if removal will provide solar access to buildings incorporating active solar devices, including windows that face south and contain special storage elements to distribute heat energy. City of Issaquah, WA Landscape & Tree Preservation Regulations §§ 18.12.1380(B)(3)(a)(2), 18.12.1385(B)(5), 18.12.141(B)(3). .. Read More
07 Jan
City of Kellogg Zoning Regulations § 220-56 – Solar Energy Systems; Solar Zoning
Date Added: Sunday, January 7, 2018
Solar Energy, Zoning    
Minnesota
Municipal
Under the City of Kellogg, Minnesota’s zoning code, solar energy systems (SES) and solar and earth­sheltered structures are permitted uses, provided certain requirements are met, that may be exempt from certain restrictions by variance. The provisions also forbid vegetation or structures in residential districts if they cast a shadow on an existing SES greater than a determined standard. That standard does not apply to vegetation and structures existing at the time of SES installation. Violation constitutes a private nuisance that gives rise to.. Read More
07 Jan
City of White Plains Zoning Code § 4.4.21.2-4; Solar Access; Solar Energy Systems; Solar Zoning
Date Added: Sunday, January 7, 2018
Solar Energy, Zoning    
New York
Municipal
The City of White Plains’ zoning ordinance includes solar access provisions that require all approving agencies to consider access to sunlight for present and potential solar electric systems, both on- and off-site, as well as structure siting, orientation and landscaping when reviewing any application. Further, the provisions prohibit new construction on any lot that would block access to sunlight between the hours of 9:00 AM and 3:00 PM for approved solar electric systems except by permission from the board of appeals if the applicant shows t.. Read More